Tag Archives: European Union

Upper Tribunal: An extended family member must demonstrate continuous dependency on the sponsor

Chowdhury (Extended family members: dependency) [2020] UKUT 188 (IAC) (29 April 2020)  The appellant, Mr Chowdhury, was a Bangladeshi national who tried to enter the UK as a student with entry clearance for three years. Upon interview at immigration control … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Bangladesh, Brexit, CFR, Citizens Directive, CJEU, EUSS, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Mother of British child fails on Chikwamba and Zambrano

Younas (section 117B(6)(b); Chikwamba; Zambrano) [2020] UKUT 129 (IAC)(24 March 2020)  Chikwamba [2008] UKHL 40 and Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124) were landmark cases. The Chikwamba principle is that there is no public interest in removing a person from the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, CJEU, COVID-19, ECHR, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judges, Pakistan, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal upholds right to rent checks

Secretary of State for the Home Department v R (otao The Joint Council for The Welfare of Immigrants) [2020] EWCA Civ 542 (21 April 2020) Davis, Henderson and Hickinbottom LJJ have held that the statutory scheme (the “right to rent … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Judicial Review, Parliament, Politics, Public Interest, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

“Open for business”: Analysis of the UK’s new PBS 

An “Australian-style points-based system” (new PBS) to control immigration was one of six guarantees given by Boris Johnson to “get Brexit done in January and unleash the potential of our whole country.” The new PBS is the cornerstone of the UK’s post-Brexit immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, COVID-19, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Politics, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Brexit: Appeal rights for EUSS applicants 

The EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS), under which 3.34 million applications have been made and more than 3 million applicants have been granted status, caused uproar because applicants were not given any appeal rights and only had the right to administrative … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Tribunals | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Recent changes to immigration and nationality fees 

The Immigration and Nationality (Fees) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2020 came into force on 6 April 2020. They amend the Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Regulations 2018 and regulations 4(b) and 9(1), (2)(a) and (3) and provide for a new exception … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Fees, Immigration Rules, Tier 1 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal allows European deportation appeal in part 

Hussein v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 156 (13 February 2020)  In a complex deportation appeal against a deportation order based on the deportee’s status as a permanent resident, the Court of Appeal was not … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, Culture, European Union, Free Movement, Netherlands, Permanent Residence, Somalia, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Immigration (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

The Immigration (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 are made in exercise of the powers conferred by section 8(1) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (“the 2018 Act”), in order to address deficiencies in retained EU law arising from withdrawal … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, European Union, EUSS, Permanent Residence | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Changes in the Immigration Rules: Key Features of HC170

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules HC 170 amends the Immigration Rules to reflect changes required if the UK leaves the EU without a deal. The changes affect EU, other EEA and Swiss citizens, and their family members. In order … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Crime, Deportation, European Union, EUSS, Families, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Spouses, Turkey | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit: Analysis of Miller and Cherry in Supreme Court

R (Miller/Cherry) v The Prime Minister [2019] UKSC 41 (24 September 2019)  These proceedings concerned a “one-off” issue arising in circumstances unseen in history and unlikely to arise again. The Supreme Court was cautious to emphasise at the outset that these … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Cases, Court of Appeal, European Union, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Judges, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Miller, Parliament, Politics, Prerogative, Rule of law, Sedley LJ, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

HC 2631 and the EU Settlement Scheme 

Statement of Changes to the Immigration Rules HC 2631, presented to Parliament on 9 September 2019, makes a raft of changes and it makes revised provision for access to the EU Settlement Scheme (or the “EUSS”) until 29 March 2022 … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Immigration Rules | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and the Euro TLR Scheme 

After being installed as Home Secretary, Priti Patel, pounced on the opportunity to declare that free movement would end with a no-deal Brexit on 31 October 2019. She then made a u-turn. But her misguided comments caused a surge in … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Law, MAC, PBS, Settlement | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Critical Perspectives on the EU Settlement Scheme

In London you constantly hear a foreign language in the background and foreign workers are in action everywhere. Most of all European people do jobs local people have little appetite for. Boris Johnson promised and guaranteed EU citizens “absolute certainty … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Enforcement, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Hostile Environment, Immigration Rules, Karachi, Netherlands, Permanent Residence, Politics, Settlement, Somalia | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Regulations give effect to Kafala judgment in SM (Algeria)

The Immigration (European Economic Area) (Amendment) Regulations 2019, which came into force on 15 August 2019, amend the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016  (“the 2016 Regulations”) and give effect to the judgment of the Court of Justice of the … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Entry Clearance, European Union, Free Movement | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Recidivist offender from Italy unsuccessful in Supreme Court

Secretary of State for the Home Department v Franco Vomero (Italy) [2019] UKSC 35 (24 July 2019) In this longstanding dispute about free movement law and Directive 2004/38/EC (the Citizens’ Directive) dating back to 2007, the Supreme Court allowed the government’s appeal in … Continue reading

Posted in Article 5, Citizens Directive, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, European Union, Free Movement, Permanent Residence, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Should the UK provide MLA to the US for the death penalty? 

In the Divisional Court, the mother of the accused ISIS terrorist Shafee El Sheikh, Maha El Gizouli failed in her challenge against the Home Secretary’s decision to provide mutual legal assistance (MLA) to the US without requiring an assurance that … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, CFR, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, ECHR, European Union, Human Rights Act, Judicial Review, Syria, Terrorism, UKSC, United States | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

AG Campos Sánchez-Bordona: Kafala children are not direct descendants but are other family members

SM v Entry Clearance Officer, UK Visa Section (C-129/18, EU:C:2019:140) In response to the reference made by the Supreme Court in SM (Algeria) [2018] UKSC 9 (see here), AG Campos Sánchez-Bordona advised the CJEU to declare that a child in the … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, European Union, Free Movement, Lady Hale, UKSC, UNCRC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal overrules Portuguese national’s deportation

Lopes v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 199 (26 February 2019) Sir Stephen Richards and Davis and Simon LJJ have recently overruled a Portuguese national’s deportation by holding that when determining whether the First Tier Tribunal … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Free Movement, Proportionality, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal confirms that there is no retrospective right of residence for extended family members

Kunwar (EFM – calculating periods of residence) [2019] UKUT 63 (IAC) (28 December 2018) The Home Office won this appeal because of the effects of the Court of Appeal’s judgment in Macastena [2018] EWCA Civ 1558 (discussed here) whereby it … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Free Movement, Permanent Residence | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

An Alternative to Brexit: The Judgment in Wightman

Wightman and Others v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (C-621/18, EU:C:2018:999, 10 December 2018) Brexit is a big mess. It is “a powerful acid” and is a huge economic and bureaucratic nightmare. Going through with it in … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Cases, CJEU, European Union, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Scotland, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments