Category Archives: Entry Clearance

Regulations give effect to Kafala judgment in SM (Algeria)

The Immigration (European Economic Area) (Amendment) Regulations 2019, which came into force on 15 August 2019, amend the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016  (“the 2016 Regulations”) and give effect to the judgment of the Court of Justice of the … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Entry Clearance, European Union, Free Movement | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Stranded Sri Lankan father wins on Article 8 in Court of Appeal 

UT (Sri Lanka) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1095 (26 June 2019) Floyd and Coulson LJJ have provided an outline of the proper approach that the Upper Tribunal should take as regards immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Families, Immigration Rules, Lady Hale, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Fraud and revocation of ILR: Court of Appeal unlocks the door to the finality of unappealed tribunal decisions

Ullah v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 550 (03 April 2019) The Court of Appeal recently dismissed a Pakistani immigrant’s appeal against the refusal of his judicial review claim challenging the decision to cancel … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Proportionality, Settlement, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

No presumption favouring revocation of deportation order after 10 years says Court of Appeal

EYF (Turkey) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 592 (11 April 2019) In relation to the proper construction of paragraph 391(a) of the Immigration Rules, which concerns the continuation of deportation orders in relation to … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Cases, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Turkey | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Section 117B(6) after KO (Nigeria): Presidential panel allows dishonest Turkish mother’s appeal

JG (section 117B(6): “reasonable to leave” UK) Turkey [2019] UKUT 72 (IAC) (15 February 2019) The Supreme Court’s decision in KO (Nigeria) [2018] UKSC 53 (discussed here) was a seminal judgment. Yet it was seen as “deeply unsatisfactory” in some … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, Turkey, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Free Movement and Kafala: CJEU Judgment in SM (Algeria)

SM (Enfant place sous kafala algerienne) (Citizenship of the European Union – “Direct descendant” – Judgment) (C-129/18, EU:C:2019:248) The CJEU has confirmed AG Campos Sánchez-Bordona’s opinion that a child in the guardianship of an EU citizen under the kafala system … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Brexit, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, ECOs, Entry Clearance, European Union, Families, Free Movement, Guardianship, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Serious Breaches of Duties of Procedural Fairness and Candour by Home Office in Calais Children’s Cases

R (Citizens UK) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1812 (31 July 2018) These proceedings concerned Citizens UK’s appeal against Soole J’s decision that the expedited process adopted by the Home Office to assess the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Children, Court of Appeal, David Bolt, ECHR, Entry Clearance, European Union, Human Rights Act, Judicial Review, Rule of law | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal: Guidance on Entry Clearance and MIR

Secretary of State for the Home Department v MS (Pakistan) [2018] EWCA Civ 1776 (27 July 2018) The Supreme Court’s ruling in MM (Lebanon) [2017] UKSC 10 permitted the operation of the Minimum Income Requirement (MIR) for partners in Appendix … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Blake J, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, MIR, Precariousness, Proportionality, Spouse visa, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Refugee Convention: Metropolitan Territory is Distinct from Dependent Territories

R (Bashir & Ors) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] UKSC 45 (30 July 2018) In a complex interim judgment dealing with threshold issues, the Supreme Court has held that both the Refugee Convention 1951 and the … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Persecution, Proportionality, Refugee Convention, UKSC, United Nations | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Culture Change’: How Fair is Hamid on Steroids?

Culture is a buzzword. Promoting “good culture” is seen as a cure for misconduct. For example, financial regulators blame “bad culture” and the accompanying toxic casino environment for causing the global financial crisis. Thus, financial regulators and banks are very … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Cases, Culture, Disclosure, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Judicial Review, Misconduct, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Emerging Trends in Investor Visas

Despite Donald J Trump’s best efforts to appease the Kremlin, relations could not be any worse between Russia and the West. The full reach of Moscow’s meddling is obvious from the fact that Arron Banks, Brexit’s bankroller, has rather nefarious … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix V, Brexit, Business, Economy, Entry Clearance, European Union, Immigration Rules, Investors, Israel, Palestine, PBS, Politics, Settlement, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

High Court on British Citizenship and Fact Finding

R (Din) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 1046 (Admin) (04 May 2018) These judicial review proceedings arose out of a trio of refusals – dated 14 July 2016, 16 December 2016 and 22 September 2017 … Continue reading

Posted in Article 6, Cases, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, High Court, Human Rights Act, India, Judicial Review, Nationality, Pakistan, Visitors, Women | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and ADRs: The End of the Line?

Ribeli v Entry Clearance Officer, Pretoria [2018] EWCA Civ 611 (27 March 2018) Singh LJ has recently taken yet another scalp. On this occasion his Lordship’s sword fell on the head of a helpless and elderly woman, a South African national … Continue reading

Posted in ADR, Appendix FM, Appendix V, Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC, Visitors, Women | Tagged , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Supreme Court: Reference to CJEU on Kefalah Children

SM (Algeria) v Entry Clearance Officer, UK Visa Section [2018] UKSC 9 (14 February 2018) This appeal concerning legal guardianship under the Islamic “kefalah” system provided the Supreme Court the opportunity to refer three questions to the CJEU. The justices … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Algeria, Article 8, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Entry Clearance, European Union, Free Movement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Article 8 and Entry Clearance: The Final Nail in the Coffin

Secretary of State for the Home Department v Onuorah [2017] EWCA Civ 1757 (03 November 2017) Notably, the Court of Appeal has confirmed the correctness of its decision in the recent case of Kopoi [2017] EWCA Civ 1511 (see here). … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 2, Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Deceptive Criminal from Sierra Leone Triumphs on Citizens’ Directive in Court of Appeal

R (Decker) v Secretary of State for the Home Department & Anor [2017] EWCA Civ 1752 (03 November 2017) These judicial review proceedings relate to the refusal of a residence card and the right approach to the validity of deportation … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Asylum, Citizens Directive, Deception, Deportation, Detention, Entry Clearance, European Union, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Judicial Review, OFMs, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and Entry Clearance: No Obligation under ECHR to Allow Aliens to Pursue a Private Life

Secretary of State for the Home Department v Abbas [2017] EWCA Civ 1393 (28 September 2017) A Pakistani national aged 33, Tahir Abbas made an application for him and his wife and two small children to come to the UK … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, Lady Hale, Pakistan, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Inherent Jurisdiction: Article 8 and Adoption

W v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] EWHC 1733 (Fam) (07 July 2017) Nigerians are automatically associated with corruption and deception. The magnitude of the problem is such that even honest citizens of Nigeria – who … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Children, Dependants, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Families, Immigration Rules, Inherent Jurisdiction, PBS | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Case Preview: SM (Algeria) (Appellant) v Entry Clearance Officer, UK Visa Section (Respondent)

Three years ago in AA (Somalia) v ECO (Addis Ababa) [2013] UKSC 81, the Supreme Court considered whether a Somali child in her brother-in-law’s care under the doctrine of Kafalah – a process of legal guardianship and the Islamic equivalent … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Algeria, Article 8, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, Islam, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Deception and the Immigration Rules: Dishonesty is Necessary for a Document to be ‘False’

Agha v SSHD (False Document) [2017] UKUT 121 (IAC) (21 February 2017) The officials of the Federal Investigation Agency are much maligned in the West. In my encounters with FIA officials, in their role as immigration officers in Pakistani ports, … Continue reading

Posted in Agents, Appendix V, East India Company, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Students, Visitors | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment