Category Archives: Entry Clearance

‘Insurmountable Obstacles’ and ‘Exceptional Circumstances’ Tests Approved by Supreme Court

Agyarko and Ikuga v SSHD [2017] UKSC 11 (22 February 2017) “Insurmountable obstacles” and “exceptional circumstances” are every day expressions in immigration law but their real meaning has eluded the cleverest of judges. These two cases provided the Supreme Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Children, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Enforcement, Entry Clearance, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Suitability Criteria for Entry Clearance are ‘Rather Clumsy’

Entry Clearance Officer – United States of America v MW (United States of America) & Ors [2016] EWCA Civ 1273 (14 December 2016) Entry clearance for a foreign national with significant previous criminal convictions is dealt with under paragraph S-EC.1.4. … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, Deportation, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and MIR: Appendix FM in Supreme Court

Despite stiff competition from other cases, these appeals have got to be the showdown of the year. Tearing through the UK’s social fabric the country’s immigration rules are a minefield and have been producing more than their fair share of … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | 9 Comments

Supreme Court: Pre-entry English Tests Are Lawful

R (Ali and Bibi) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] UKSC 68 (18 November 2015) Language, the most common human currency and form of expression, has become central to the great cultural tug-of-war unfolding in British society … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 14, Article 8, ECHR, English Tests, Entry Clearance, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Proportionality, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments

‘Full Coverage’: Family Life, Exceptionality and the Rules

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v SS (Congo) & Ors [2015] EWCA Civ 387 (23 April 2015) In these cases relating to the admission of spouses under Appendix FM, the Court of Appeal (Richards, Underhill and Sales … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Article 8, Entry Clearance, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Spouses | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Presidential Guidance on Article 8 and Entry Clearance

Mostafa (Article 8 in entry clearance) [2015] UKUT 112 (IAC) (6 March 2015) The Entry Clearance Officer (ECO, Cairo) appealed the decision of the First-tier Tribunal to allow Mostafa’s appeal against the ECO’s decision in September 2013 to refuse him … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Entry Clearance, Families, Spouses, Visitors | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment