Category Archives: Entry Clearance

Inherent Jurisdiction: Article 8 and Adoption

W v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] EWHC 1733 (Fam) (07 July 2017) Nigerians are automatically associated with corruption and deception. The magnitude of the problem is such that even honest citizens of Nigeria – who … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Children, Dependants, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Families, Immigration Rules, Inherent Jurisdiction, PBS | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Case Preview: SM (Algeria) (Appellant) v Entry Clearance Officer, UK Visa Section (Respondent)

Three years ago in AA (Somalia) v ECO (Addis Ababa) [2013] UKSC 81, the Supreme Court considered whether a Somali child in her brother-in-law’s care under the doctrine of Kafalah – a process of legal guardianship and the Islamic equivalent … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Algeria, Article 8, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, Islam, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Deception and the Immigration Rules: Dishonesty is Necessary for a Document to be ‘False’

Agha v SSHD (False Document) [2017] UKUT 121 (IAC) (21 February 2017) The officials of the Federal Investigation Agency are much maligned in the West. In my encounters with FIA officials, in their role as immigration officers in Pakistani ports, … Continue reading

Posted in Agents, Appendix V, East India Company, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Students, Visitors | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Insurmountable Obstacles’ and ‘Exceptional Circumstances’ Tests Approved by Supreme Court

Agyarko and Ikuga v SSHD [2017] UKSC 11 (22 February 2017) “Insurmountable obstacles” and “exceptional circumstances” are every day expressions in immigration law but their real meaning has eluded the cleverest of judges. These two cases provided the Supreme Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Children, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Enforcement, Entry Clearance, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Suitability Criteria for Entry Clearance are ‘Rather Clumsy’

Entry Clearance Officer – United States of America v MW (United States of America) & Ors [2016] EWCA Civ 1273 (14 December 2016) Entry clearance for a foreign national with significant previous criminal convictions is dealt with under paragraph S-EC.1.4. … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, Deportation, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and MIR: Appendix FM in Supreme Court

Despite stiff competition from other cases, these appeals have got to be the showdown of the year. Tearing through the UK’s social fabric the country’s immigration rules are a minefield and have been producing more than their fair share of … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | 9 Comments

Supreme Court: Pre-entry English Tests Are Lawful

R (Ali and Bibi) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] UKSC 68 (18 November 2015) Language, the most common human currency and form of expression, has become central to the great cultural tug-of-war unfolding in British society … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 14, Article 8, ECHR, English Tests, Entry Clearance, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Proportionality, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments