Category Archives: Judges

Mother of British child fails on Chikwamba and Zambrano

Younas (section 117B(6)(b); Chikwamba; Zambrano) [2020] UKUT 129 (IAC)(24 March 2020)  Chikwamba [2008] UKHL 40 and Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124) were landmark cases. The Chikwamba principle is that there is no public interest in removing a person from the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, CJEU, COVID-19, ECHR, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judges, Pakistan, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Judge’s role is only supervisory during the taking of evidence  

WA (Role and duties of judge) Egypt [2020] UKUT 127 (IAC) (16 March 2020) Vice President Ockelton and President Lane have given guidance to the effect that “during the taking of evidence a judge’s role is merely supervisory” and “if something … Continue reading

Posted in Adjournment, Appeals, Asylum, Egypt, Judges, Persecution, Politics, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Substance not form grounds a family life

Uddin v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 338 (12 March 2020)  Sir Ernest Ryder and Bean and King LJJ have held that dependency, in the strict sense provided for in Kugathas [2003] EWCA Civ 31, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, Child Abduction, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Human Trafficking, Immigration Rules, Judges, Sedley LJ, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Human trafficking: Tribunal is not bound by NRM decision

MS (Pakistan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] UKSC 9 (18 March 2020)  These proceedings in the Supreme Court have resulted in the outcome that when determining an appeal in which it was argued that that removal … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 4, Asylum, Cases, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Human Trafficking, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Pakistan, UKSC, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal demands adherence to proper standards of appellate advocacy

Das (paragraph 276B – s3C – application validity) Bangladesh [2019] UKUT 354 (IAC) (8 October 2019)  This case makes a variety of points about the validity of immigration applications, the enjoyment of statutorily extended leave under section 3C of the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, ECHR, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Notices, PBS, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit: Analysis of Miller and Cherry in Supreme Court

R (Miller/Cherry) v The Prime Minister [2019] UKSC 41 (24 September 2019)  These proceedings concerned a “one-off” issue arising in circumstances unseen in history and unlikely to arise again. The Supreme Court was cautious to emphasise at the outset that these … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Cases, Court of Appeal, European Union, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Judges, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Miller, Parliament, Politics, Prerogative, Rule of law, Sedley LJ, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal says ‘kitchen-sink’ approach to the citation of authorities is ‘wholly illegitimate’

Kaur v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1101 (1 July 2019) Dismissing a Tier 4 (General) student’s appeal, the Court of Appeal has held that it is “wholly illegitimate” for legal representatives to cite … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Culture, Hostile Environment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, PBS, Removals, Students, Tier 4, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ending the Kumar Arrangements in Judicial Review

R (KA & Anor) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Ending of Kumar Arrangements) [2018] UKUT 201 (IAC) (13 June 2018) At times the courts take a lenient approach to governmental ineptitude and judges tend to throw a … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Costs, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Misconduct, Rule of law, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Seven Year Rule: ‘Powerful Reasons’ Approach Confirmed

MT & ET (Child’s Best Interests: Ex Tempore Pilot) Nigeria [2018] UKUT 88(IAC) (1 February 2018) The president Peter Lane J has reconfirmed Elias LJ’s doctrine in MA (Pakistan) & Ors [2016] EWCA Civ 705 (see here) that “powerful reasons” are … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Asylum, Children, ECHR, Judges, Nigeria, Proportionality, Students, Tribunals, UKSC, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

ILR and the Importance of Medical Evidence

R (Gayle) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] EWHC 3385 (Admin) (21 December 2017) This is a case with a “tragic personal history”. Gayle and her son Gary entered the UK on a six-month visitor visa in … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Appeal Rights and EFMs: The End of Sala

Khan v Secretary of State for the Home Department & Anor [2017] EWCA Civ 1755 (09 November 2017) Appeal rights in a hostile environment are a hotly debated topic in immigration law. Enforcement officials are notorious for denying appeal rights … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, CFR, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, European Union, Immigration Act 2014, Judges, OFMs, Proportionality, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Drug Dealing and Deportation: No Sympathy in Strasbourg for Settled Nigerian Criminal

Ndidi v United Kingdom – 41215/14 (Article 8 – Expulsion – Nigeria) [2017] ECHR 781 (14 September 2017) Nicknamed “Bruiser” for “roughing up” his minions in the underworld of drug dealing, Ifeanyi Chukwu Ndidi, a Nigerian, entered the UK aged … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, ECHR, Human Rights, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Legal Aid, Nigeria, Proportionality, Public Interest, Refugee Convention, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Zambrano Carers: ‘Benefits Tourism’ and EU Law

The right to care is not an express function of the EU Treaties or the law of freedom of movement. Yet under case law even a non-EU citizen primary carer can claim a right of residence on the basis of … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 8, Brexit, CFR, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, Judges, Judicial Review, Miller, Neuberger PSC, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Deception and the Immigration Rules: Dishonesty is Necessary for a Document to be ‘False’

Agha v SSHD (False Document) [2017] UKUT 121 (IAC) (21 February 2017) The officials of the Federal Investigation Agency are much maligned in the West. In my encounters with FIA officials, in their role as immigration officers in Pakistani ports, … Continue reading

Posted in Agents, Appendix V, East India Company, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Students, Visitors | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Lex Loci Celebrationis and Proxy Marriage in English Law

Awuku v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] EWCA Civ 178 (23 March 2017) Marriage by proxy is quite an important legal institution. As seen before, in the present case the home office agreed with Awuku that the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Judges, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and the Rule of Law

R (Miller & Anor) v The Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union [2016] EWHC 2768 (Admin) (03 November 2016) Gina Miller says she brought these proceedings to preserve the rule of law. The businesswoman explains that when she … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Business, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Economy, European Union, Hale JSC, High Court, Homophobia, Judges, Miller, Neuberger PSC, Pakistan, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Theresa May’s New Crusade

Life should be a fairy tale if you are Theresa May but things are not going according to plan in her Alice in Wonderland world. Although economic and social realities negate everything she claimed in her recent speech at her … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appeals, Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Bill 2015, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, UKSC, Women | Tagged , , , , | 6 Comments

Immigration Act 2014: Bank Accounts

Although the Immigration Bill 2015-16 has arrived, the details of the Immigration Act 2014 are still being digested. Apart from rogue employers and landlords, provisions enacted under the 2014 Act also created a system that deals with immigration offenders in … Continue reading

Posted in Bank Accounts, Court of Appeal, Economy, Enforcement, FSMA, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Bill 2015, Immigration Rules, Judges, Lady Hale | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Adjournments: Fairness is the Supreme Criterion

Nwaigwe (adjournment: fairness) [2014] UKUT 418 (IAC) As explained in the Best Practice Guide to Asylum and Human Rights Appeals, it is difficult to get adjournments in immigration cases. Most paper applications are refused. That is exactly what happened in … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Judges, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Lord Neuberger: The Price of Liberty is Eternal Vigilance

On 26 August 2014, Lord Neuberger of Abbotsbury PSC delivered a speech entitled The Third and Fourth Estates: Judges, Journalists and Open Justice at the Hong Kong Foreign Correspondents’ Club. It can be viewed here and despite the seriousness of the … Continue reading

Posted in Judges, Politics | Tagged | 2 Comments