Category Archives: Spouses

Jamaican father of four British children wins in Court of Appeal

KB (Jamaica) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1385 (28 October 2020)  The Court of Appeal has held that FTTJ Gurung-Thapa had not erred in law by allowing a foreign criminal’s deportation appeal when she … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Jamaica, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA, Spouses, Tribunals, UKBA | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

High Court of Sindh on Pakistan and the Hague Convention

The case of Mst Farhat (Petitioner) v Umair Hanif Ghanchi and Others (Respondents) 2019 CLC 1311 Sindh is an early example of the High Court of Sindh grappling with the issues connected to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of … Continue reading

Posted in Child Abduction, Children, Dubai, Family Court, Hague Convention, International Law, Interpol, Islam, Karachi, Pakistan, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal clarifies asylum bars in child abduction cases

G (A Child: Child Abduction) [2020] EWCA Civ 1185 (15 September 2020)  The Court of Appeal has held that Lieven J (the High Court Judge) had been wrong to stay proceedings on the basis that there was a bar to … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Child Abduction, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Habitual Residence, Hague Convention, High Court, Immigration Rules, International Law, Lady Hale, Pakistan, Refugee Convention, Removals, South Africa, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal reviews the meaning of “unduly harsh”

HA (Iraq) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1176 (04 September 2020)  The appeals of HA and RA, both Iraqis, concerned the terms of Part 5A of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (especially … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Rules, Iraq, Lady Hale, Parliament, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

How do Pakistani courts approach child abduction cases?

What can be said about the approach taken by the Pakistani courts in child abduction cases? Little is known about this topic and of course since Pakistan is a new entrant to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of … Continue reading

Posted in Child Abduction, Children, Families, Forced marriage, Guardianship, Hague Convention, Islam, Lahore High Court, Muslims, Pakistan, Racism, Scotland, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal on Nikah and non-qualifying ceremonies

HM Attorney General v Akhter & Ors [2020] EWCA Civ 122 (14 February 2020)  This was an important judgment which was given earlier in the year. The Court of Appeal held that an Islamic ceremony of marriage which was not … Continue reading

Posted in Article 12, Article 8, Divorce, ECHR, Families, Family Court, Human Rights Act, Islam, Nikah, non-marriage, Pakistan, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Mother of British child fails on Chikwamba and Zambrano

Younas (section 117B(6)(b); Chikwamba; Zambrano) [2020] UKUT 129 (IAC)(24 March 2020)  Chikwamba [2008] UKHL 40 and Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124) were landmark cases. The Chikwamba principle is that there is no public interest in removing a person from the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, CJEU, COVID-19, ECHR, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judges, Pakistan, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Domestic violence claim is not a human rights claim 

MY (refusal of human rights claim: Pakistan) [2020] UKUT 89 (IAC) (27 February 2020)  This decision brings further detriment to applicants relying on the domestic violence rules to obtain leave to remain. The result is that the Home Office can … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Article 3, Article 8, COVID-19, Domestic Violence, ECHR, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Settlement, Spouses, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Changes in the Immigration Rules: Key Features of HC170

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules HC 170 amends the Immigration Rules to reflect changes required if the UK leaves the EU without a deal. The changes affect EU, other EEA and Swiss citizens, and their family members. In order … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Crime, Deportation, European Union, EUSS, Families, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Spouses, Turkey | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Stranded Sri Lankan father wins on Article 8 in Court of Appeal 

UT (Sri Lanka) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1095 (26 June 2019) Floyd and Coulson LJJ have provided an outline of the proper approach that the Upper Tribunal should take as regards immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Families, Immigration Rules, Lady Hale, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal’s view of ‘unduly harsh’ and ‘very compelling circumstances’ tests in section 117C after KO (Nigeria)

In RA (section 117C: “unduly harsh”: offence: seriousness) Iraq [2019] UKUT 123 (IAC) together with MS (section 117C(6): “very compelling circumstances”) Philippines [2019] UKUT 122 (IAC) which were heard consecutively, the Upper Tribunal considered how section 117C (article 8: additional considerations in cases … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Iraq, Precariousness, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Deemed Paternity and Discrimination: Section 50(9A) of the British Nationality Act 1981 is Incompatible with the ECHR

K (A Child) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 1834 (Admin) (18 July 2018) Importantly, the Administrative Court has recently held that the scheme in section 50(9A) of the British Nationality Act 1981 which deemed … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 8, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Judicial Review, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal: Guidance on Entry Clearance and MIR

Secretary of State for the Home Department v MS (Pakistan) [2018] EWCA Civ 1776 (27 July 2018) The Supreme Court’s ruling in MM (Lebanon) [2017] UKSC 10 permitted the operation of the Minimum Income Requirement (MIR) for partners in Appendix … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Blake J, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, MIR, Precariousness, Proportionality, Spouse visa, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Banger: EFMs are Covered by Surinder Singh

In Banger (C-89/17, EU:C:2018:570), the CJEU recently held that the historic decision in Surinder Singh (C-370/90, EU:C:1992:296) applies to an extended family member (EFM) and where an EU citizen returns to his member state of origin it must facilitate the … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, Free Movement, OFMs, Permanent Residence, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal on Counting Time under the EEA Regulations

Macastena v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1558 (05 July 2018) The Court of Appeal has answered in the negative the question whether a person in a durable relationship with an EEA national holding permanent … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Permanent Residence, Spouses, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

CJEU Cases and Changes to the EEA Regulations 2016

The Immigration (European Economic Area)(Amendment) Regulations 2018 amend the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016 in order to implement the effects of a string of judgments given by the CJEU. The new regulations come into force on 24 July 2018. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Article 8, Brexit, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Deportation, European Union, Families, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Permanent Residence, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Brexit and the EU Settlement Scheme

As if Appendix FM and its sinister siblings were not enough, soon free movement law will interact with the Immigration Rules in the form of Appendix EU so as to implement settled status for EU citizens and their family members. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Enhanced Protection, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Free Movement: Home Office Softens its Stance on Retained Rights of Residence

Baigazieva v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1088 (20 April 2018) In this case the Home Office extraordinarily conceded that for a third country national to retain residence rights in the UK under article 13(2)(a) … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, Domestic Violence, European Union, Free Movement, OFMs, Pakistan, Permanent Residence, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

The Coman Case: Same-Sex Marriage and Free Movement Law

The CJEU has held that the term “spouse” within the meaning of the provisions of EU law on freedom of residence for EU citizens and members of their family includes spouses of the same sex. Despite the member states’ freedom to … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, CFR, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, Free Movement, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Curtailment and Entry Clearance: Interfaith Couple Wins on Chikwamba in Court of Appeal

Tikka v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 642 (28 March 2018) Qaisar Tikka entered as with student leave until September 2011. Subsequently, he met his British wife Josita Simta Rajoria and they married on 22 … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, India, Muslims, Pakistan, Persecution, Public Interest, Spouses, Students | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment