Category Archives: Proportionality

Supreme Court: Pre-entry English Tests Are Lawful

R (Ali and Bibi) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] UKSC 68 (18 November 2015) Language, the most common human currency and form of expression, has become central to the great cultural tug-of-war unfolding in British society … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 14, Article 8, ECHR, English Tests, Entry Clearance, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Proportionality, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments

Stringency and Sensibility under Appendix FM

R (Agyarko & Ors) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 440 (06 May 2015) This is the sequel to the SS (Congo) case analysed in the last post. To do with leave to remain … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Children, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Spouses | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Supreme Court: EU Law Fails Vietnamese Jihadist

Pham v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] UKSC 19 (25 March 2015) – read fully updated article on SSRN. In the case of Pham (formerly “B2”), Lord Neuberger PSC, Lady Hale DPSC and Lord Mance, Lord Wilson, Lord … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Deportation, Immigration Act 2014, Politics, Proportionality, Statelessness | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal: American Visitor’s Appeal Allowed

PG (USA) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 118 (26 February 2015) In this case, Elias and Fulford LJJ, Dame Janet Smith allowed Phyllis Gain’s appeal and remitted the matter to the Upper Tribunal … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, PBS, Proportionality, Tier 2, Visitors | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and Public Interest Considerations: Key Features

Dube (ss. 117A-117D) [2015] UKUT 90 (IAC) (24 February 2015) This was the Home Office’s appeal against the decision of First-tier Tribunal where the judge upheld Dube’s appeal in relation to being refused indefinite leave to remain. Dube was a … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Immigration Act 2014, Proportionality, Public Interest, Zimbabwe | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

The ‘Unvarnished’ Article 8: Haleemudeen Wrongly Decided

Singh v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 74 (12 February 2015) In this case on the interaction between the old rules and the new rules, the Court of Appeal (Arden, Lewison and Underhill LJJ) … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Cases, ECHR, Immigration Rules, Proportionality | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

‘New’ Article 8 Authorities Are Not Legislation

R (Esther Ebun Oludoyi & Ors) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Article 8 – MM (Lebanon) and Nagre) IJR [2014] UKUT 539 (IAC) (29 October 2014 ) This decision clarifies that judgments such as Nagre [2013] EWHC … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Proportionality, Removals | Tagged , , | Leave a comment