Category Archives: Proportionality

Free Movement and Deportation: Nonjudicial Restrictions on the Right to Work are Lawful

R (Lauzikas) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWHC 3215 (Admin) (16 December 2016) Like countless other European citizens, the Lithuanian claimant, Lauzikas, came to the UK to work the construction industry. He entered the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, Employment, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Notices, Proportionality, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Suitability Criteria for Entry Clearance are ‘Rather Clumsy’

Entry Clearance Officer – United States of America v MW (United States of America) & Ors [2016] EWCA Civ 1273 (14 December 2016) Entry clearance for a foreign national with significant previous criminal convictions is dealt with under paragraph S-EC.1.4. … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, Deportation, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

RLR and Irrationality: Settlement for Sikh Separatist

MS (India) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWHC 3162 (Admin) (09 December 2016) This intriguing article 1F case concerns a Sikh separatist, or “terrorist” from India’s point of view, seeking a free Khalistān – literally “the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 2, Article 3, Article 8, Asylum, Deportation, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, India, Politics, Proportionality, Refugee Convention, RLR, Settlement, SIAC, Terrorism | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Children’s Rights Are Not Passports Against Deportation

Makhlouf v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Northern Ireland) [2016] UKSC 59 (16 November 2016) Makhlouf entered the UK in 1997 as the spouse of settled person and was granted indefinite leave to remain in 1999. He was … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Supreme Court: Iraqi Criminal’s Appeal Dismissed

Hesham Ali v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] UKSC 60 (16 November 2016) The linked cases of Hesham Ali (an Iraqi) and Zouhair Ben Belacum Makhlouf (a Tunisian) concern the contentious theme of foreign criminals. Lord Neuberger, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Iraq, Proportionality, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Children and the Seven Year Itch

R (MA (Pakistan) & Ors) v UTIAC & Anor [2016] EWCA Civ 705 (07 July 2016) The divergence of views on what is or is not important about the 7-year rule means that nothing really makes sense anymore. Unsurprisingly, there … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and Precariousness: Appendix FM in Supreme Court

These days the Immigration Rules are full of riddles. Applying a gloss on article 8 of the ECHR, wide-ranging rubric under the existing rules incorporates high legal tests such as “insurmountable obstacles”, “exceptional circumstances”, “compelling circumstances” and “exceptionality”. Such phrases dictate the … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Blogging, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment