Category Archives: Proportionality

Court of Appeal: Guidance on Entry Clearance and MIR

Secretary of State for the Home Department v MS (Pakistan) [2018] EWCA Civ 1776 (27 July 2018) The Supreme Court’s ruling in MM (Lebanon) [2017] UKSC 10 permitted the operation of the Minimum Income Requirement (MIR) for partners in Appendix … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Blake J, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, MIR, Precariousness, Proportionality, Spouse visa, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Refugee Convention: Metropolitan Territory is Distinct from Dependent Territories

R (Bashir & Ors) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] UKSC 45 (30 July 2018) In a complex interim judgment dealing with threshold issues, the Supreme Court has held that both the Refugee Convention 1951 and the … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Persecution, Proportionality, Refugee Convention, UKSC, United Nations | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

What is the Meaning of ‘Precarious’ in Section 117B(5) of the NIAA 2002?

Having already heard a string of appeals relating to the meaning of “reasonable” in section 117B(6) and the meaning of “unduly harsh” in section 117C(5) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (as amended), recently in Rhuppiah the Supreme Court … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Precariousness, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Students, Tier 2, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Tier 1 (General): Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

Cases in the Tier 1 (General) category present an outrage because we would not really expect highly skilled migrants to be punished for being honest by paying their taxes. Similarly, we would also not expect migrants who add value to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Cases, ECHR, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Misconduct, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Post Study Work, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Brexit and the EU Settlement Scheme

As if Appendix FM and its sinister siblings were not enough, soon free movement law will interact with the Immigration Rules in the form of Appendix EU so as to implement settled status for EU citizens and their family members. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Enhanced Protection, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Restricted Leave: Only Rare Cases are Suitable for Settlement

Babar v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 329 (01 March 2018) Tanvir Babar used to be a Pakistani policeman. He worked in law enforcement for 17 years and was in charge of a squad of … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 3, Article 8, Asylum, ECHR, False Statements, Immigration Rules, Integration, Pakistan, Proportionality, Public Interest, Refugee Convention, RLR, Settlement | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 After Agyarko: The Correct Approach

TZ (Pakistan) and PG (India) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1109 (17 May 2018) These appeals were heard after the Supreme Court’s decision in R (Agyarko) [2017] UKSC 11 (see here) which made it … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, India, Pakistan, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments