Tag Archives: Points Based System

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules CP 232

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules CP 232 of 14 May 2020 makes a raft of changes to the Immigration Rules which will take effect on 4 June and 24 August. Some changes are being made to the Immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

“Open for business”: Analysis of the UK’s new PBS 

An “Australian-style points-based system” (new PBS) to control immigration was one of six guarantees given by Boris Johnson to “get Brexit done in January and unleash the potential of our whole country.” The new PBS is the cornerstone of the UK’s post-Brexit immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, COVID-19, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Politics, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Recent changes to immigration and nationality fees 

The Immigration and Nationality (Fees) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2020 came into force on 6 April 2020. They amend the Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Regulations 2018 and regulations 4(b) and 9(1), (2)(a) and (3) and provide for a new exception … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Fees, Immigration Rules, Tier 1 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal holds paragraph 276B(ii) and paragraph 322(5) represent discrete tests for refusing ILR

Tahir Yaseen v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 157 (14 February 2020) The appellant, Mr Tahir Yaseen, a Pakistani national, failed to make timely tax returns for the years 2010/11, 2011/12 and 2012/13. He filed … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Conduct/Character, Court of Appeal, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Hostile Environment, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), Public Interest, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Home Office sticks to its guns on paragraph 322(5)

In Balajigari [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (discussed here), the Court of Appeal held that the use of paragraph 322(5) of the Immigration Rules in the cases of highly skilled Tier 1 (General) migrants (T1GMs) was “legally flawed” because SSHD decision-makers … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Appendix V, Court of Appeal, Deception, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

The new graduate immigration route for students

The Tier 1 (Post Study Work) visa category (PSW) was axed on 5 April 2012. In order to attract the “best and the brightest” to the UK, a new Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) visa scheme was devised to replace the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, ECHR, Immigration Cap, Immigration Rules, Politics, Post Study Work, Settlement | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal takes a strict stance on adducing new evidence to the Upper Tribunal

Kabir v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1162 (09 July 2019) On the topic of fresh evidence (in the context of deception, false documents, bank statements) the Court of Appeal has held that the … Continue reading

Posted in Bangladesh, Bank Accounts, Banks, Court of Appeal, Deception, Entrepreneurs, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal says ‘kitchen-sink’ approach to the citation of authorities is ‘wholly illegitimate’

Kaur v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1101 (1 July 2019) Dismissing a Tier 4 (General) student’s appeal, the Court of Appeal has held that it is “wholly illegitimate” for legal representatives to cite … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Culture, Hostile Environment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, PBS, Removals, Students, Tier 4, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Tier 2 (General) and ‘genuine vacancy’: Court of Appeal holds that irrational PBS refusal should be quashed 

R (Suny) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1019 (19 June 2019) Irwin and Underhill LJJ recently held that the refusal of leave to remain under Tier 2 (General) to a Bangladeshi migrant could … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, Economy, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Tier 2, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Paragraph 322(5) and Tier 1 (General): Home Office policy of refusing ILR in earnings discrepancy cases is ‘legally flawed’

Balajigari v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (16 April 2019) In a complex judgment, the Court of Appeal has held that the ongoing use of paragraph 322(5) of the Immigration Rules in the cases … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals, UKSC, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Scottish Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

Oji (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] CSOH 127 The petitioner, or claimant, Mr Collins Oji was a Nigerian national who applied for indefinite leave to remain (ILR) on 19 February 2016 along with his dependent … Continue reading

Posted in False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Nigeria, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Scotland, Tier 1, Working | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and the UK’s future immigration system

The spectre of crashing out of the EU without a deal is sending jitters across the UK. Events have clearly shown that holding a snap poll on immigration failed to do justice to the true merits of EU membership. Last … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, Immigration Rules, Politics, Tier 1, Tier 2, UKSC, Windrush, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

New Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

R (Khan) v SSHD (Dishonesty, Tax Return, Paragraph 322(5)) [2018] UKUT 384 (IAC) (3 May 2018) Migrants in the defunct Tier 1 (General) category used to be a viable source of highly skilled workers for the UK. Since the route … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Misconduct, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), Tier 1, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Ticking the Fee Box: Crucial Guidance on Authorising Payment and Validity of Immigration Applications

Kousar & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2462 (07 November 2018) Giving guidance on the scope of the earlier Basnet [2012] UKUT 113 (IAC) principle concerning the rejection of applications as invalid, the Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Court of Appeal, Families, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, PBS, Proportionality, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Court of Appeal on Substantive and Procedural Fairness

Pathan & Islam v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2103 (02 October 2018) Fairness in official decision-making is an important virtue in public law. Dismissing the judicial review claim involving Tier 2 (General) of the … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Economy, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Post Study Work, Students, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Tier 1 (General): Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

Cases in the Tier 1 (General) category present an outrage because we would not really expect highly skilled migrants to be punished for being honest by paying their taxes. Similarly, we would also not expect migrants who add value to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Cases, ECHR, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Misconduct, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Post Study Work, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

Brexit and the EU Settlement Scheme

As if Appendix FM and its sinister siblings were not enough, soon free movement law will interact with the Immigration Rules in the form of Appendix EU so as to implement settled status for EU citizens and their family members. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Enhanced Protection, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC 1154

Interestingly, by virtue of Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC 1154, the Home Office claims to extend its commitment to protect and support the most vulnerable people while simultaneously purporting to encourage highly talented students and workers to remain … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Children, Exceptional Talent, Financial Services, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Investors, PBS, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Emerging Trends in Investor Visas

Despite Donald J Trump’s best efforts to appease the Kremlin, relations could not be any worse between Russia and the West. The full reach of Moscow’s meddling is obvious from the fact that Arron Banks, Brexit’s bankroller, has rather nefarious … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix V, Brexit, Business, Economy, Entry Clearance, European Union, Immigration Rules, Investors, Israel, Palestine, PBS, Politics, Settlement, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

Supreme Court Dismisses Section 3C Appeals

R (Mirza & Ors) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] UKSC 63 (14 December 2016) The provisions of the Immigration Act 1971 have haunted the courts for a number of years. Earlier cases such as Alvi and … Continue reading

Posted in Biometrics, Court of Appeal, Fees, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, PBS, Students, Tier 1, Tier 4, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments