Category Archives: Tribunals

Refusal of ILR but grant of leave means no right of appeal

R (M Aleem Mujahid) v First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) [2021] EWCA Civ 449 (31 March 2021) These proceedings turned on the question where a person who is in the UK makes an application for indefinite leave to … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appeals, Article 8, Court of Appeal, Curtailment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Post Study Work, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal: Tanveer Ahmed remains good law

QC (verification of documents; Mibanga duty) [2021] UKUT 33 (IAC) (12 January 2021) In a panel consisting of President Lane and Vice President Ockelton, the Upper Tribunal has held as to verification of documents that the case of Tanveer Ahmed … Continue reading

Posted in Adjournment, Appeals, Article 3, Asylum, China, Court of Appeal, Credibility, ECtHR, Mibanga Duty, Pakistan, Politics, Refugee Convention, Tibetan Buddhism, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Procedural fairness: ECO must put suspicions of dishonesty to applicant before refusal says Court of Appeal

R (Wahid) v Entry Clearance Officer [2021] EWCA Civ 346 (25 February 2021)  Following the approach in Balajigari v SSHD [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (discussed here), the Court of Appeal has held that it is arguable that procedural fairness required … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix V, Costs, Court of Appeal, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Appendix FM: SSHD cannot push parent into partner route

R (Khattak) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (“eligible to apply” – LTR – “partner”) [2021] UKUT 63 (IAC) (23 February 2021 Granting judicial review, the UT has held that an applicant is “eligible to apply for leave to … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Upper Tribunal must not speculate on facts

Lowe v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2021] EWCA Civ 62 (25 January 2021)  Mr Lowe, a Jamaican national, appealed a decision of the UT to reverse the FTT’s decision to allow his appeal against the refusal … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Jamaica, Public Interest, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal: ‘Historic injustice’ v ‘historical injustice’

Patel (historic injustice: NIAA Part 5A) India [2020] UKUT 351 (IAC) (25 November 2020)  The Upper Tribunal (Lane J and UTJ Norton-Taylor) has imparted guidance explaining the difference between “historic injustice” and “historical injustice” and it also gave guidance on … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, British Overseas Citizens, ECHR, Gurkhas, Historic Injustice, Historical injustice, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal upholds Algeria country guidance for gay men

YD (Algeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1683 (14 December 2020)  Lewis, Peter Jackson and Asplin LJJ have dismissed the appeal of Mr YD who alleged that the country guidance in OO (Gay men) … Continue reading

Posted in Algeria, Asylum, Court of Appeal, Refugee Convention, SOGI, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal says gender terminology respecting the chosen identity of claimants must be used

Mx M (gender identity – HJ (Iran) – (terminology) El Salvador [2020] UKUT 313 (IAC) (22 October 2020)  In this case involving an appellant who was a national of El Salvador and who considered themselves a homosexual man when living … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Article 3, Asylum, ECHR, El Salvador, European Union, High Court of Australia, Refugee Convention, SOGI, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistani criminal who renounced British citizenship loses deportation appeal

Zulfiqar (‘Foreign criminal’: British citizen) [2020] UKUT 312 (IAC) (11 September 2020)  The Upper Tribunal has found that the meaning of “foreign criminal” is not consistent over the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the UK Borders Act 2007. … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nationality, Nikah, Pakistan, Tribunals, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal clarifies giving of curtailment notices

R (Alam) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1527 (16 November 2020)  The Court of Appeal dismissed the appeals of Mr Masud Alam and Mr Masud Rana who had both appealed against the refusal of … Continue reading

Posted in Bangladesh, Court of Appeal, Curtailment, Judicial Review, Notices, Tier 4, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal refuses relief in “bad” paragraph 322(5) cases

R (Baldha & Anor) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1494 (10 November 2020)  In two tax discrepancy matters with some similarities, sitting alone Hickinbottom LJ decided to refuse permission to amend and permission to appeal in … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Costs, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, India, Judicial Review, Overstaying, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tax, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jamaican father of four British children wins in Court of Appeal

KB (Jamaica) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1385 (28 October 2020)  The Court of Appeal has held that FTTJ Gurung-Thapa had not erred in law by allowing a foreign criminal’s deportation appeal when she … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Jamaica, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA, Spouses, Tribunals, UKBA | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal rebukes poor drafting of Immigration Rules

Hoque & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1357 (22 October 2020) The Court of Appeal has deeply criticised the “labyrinthine structure” and “idiosyncratic drafting” of the the Immigration Rules and “the confused language … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Education, Immigration Rules, Long Residence, Overstaying, Pakistan, Settlement, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, Tribunals, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

“Unduly harsh” and “very compelling circumstances”: Court of Appeal signals simplified approach in deportation cases

AA (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1296 (9 October 2020)  The Court of Appeal has yet again examined KO (Nigeria) v SSHD [2018] UKSC 53, discussed here, and the meaning of “unduly harsh” and … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Home Office loses appeal in Ugandan LGBT asylum case

PN (Uganda), R (On the Application Of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1213 (28 September 2020)  The Court of Appeal has dismissed the SSHD’s appeal against Lewis J’s decision in PN v SSHD [2019] … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Article 3, Asylum, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Human Trafficking, Judicial Review, Law Society, Persecution, Refugee Convention, Removals, Tribunals, UKSC, Yarl's Wood IRC | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Lahore High Court ruling on forced conversion to Islam

In Nasira v Judicial Magistrate and 5 others Writ Petition No. 45156 of 2019/PLD 2020 Lahore 489, the Lahore High Court granted a petition under Article 199 of the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 by a Christian woman called Nasira where she sought … Continue reading

Posted in Article 9, Asylum, Children, Conversion, ECHR, Families, Foreign law, Guardianship, India, Islam, Lahore High Court, Pakistan, Persecution, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal reviews the meaning of “unduly harsh”

HA (Iraq) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1176 (04 September 2020)  The appeals of HA and RA, both Iraqis, concerned the terms of Part 5A of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (especially … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Rules, Iraq, Lady Hale, Parliament, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Passports: Foreign law must be proved by expert evidence

Hussein and Another (Status of passports: foreign law) [2020] UKUT 250 (IAC)  CMG Ockelton VP has explained that (i) a person who holds a genuine passport, apparently issued to him, and not falsified or altered, has to be regarded as … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Asylum, Dependants, ECHR, Kenya, Nationality, Refugee Convention, Somalia, Tanzania, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal refuses to reopen paragraph 322(5) appeal

R (Akram) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1072 (12 August 2020) The Court of Appeal has refused to reopen the appeal of a Pakistani Tier 1 (General) Migrant who had been refused indefinite leave … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Court of Appeal, Hostile Environment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Tribunal’s guidance on paragraph 322(5) and accountants

Ashfaq (Balajigari: appeals) [2020] UKUT 226 (IAC) (17 June 2020)  In relation to paragraph 322(5), Ockelton VP has found that (i) if the SSHD’s decision of the carries a right of appeal, the availability of the appeal process corrects the defects … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, ECHR, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment