Tag Archives: 2004/38/EC

Citizens’ Directive: Permanent Residence is a Prerequisite of Eligibility for Enhanced Protection

B and Vomero, Joined Cases C‑316/16 and C‑424/16, ECLI:EU:C:2018:256 As discussed in an earlier post, B and Vomero provided the CJEU with a fresh opportunity to rectify earlier mistakes – chances that were allegedly “squandered” in the cases of Rendón Marín (C‑165/14, … Continue reading

Posted in CFR, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Deportation, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Permanent Residence, UKSC | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Appeal Rights and EFMs: The Opinion in Banger

AG Bobek’s Opinion, SSHD v Rozanne Banger C‑89/17, ECLI:EU:C:2018:225 Appeal rights in a hostile environment are a profoundly important question. In the case of Banger (Unmarried Partner of British National: South Africa) [2017] UKUT 125 (IAC) a series of questions were referred to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 6, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, ECHR, Judicial Review, OFMs, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Supreme Court: Reference to CJEU on Kefalah Children

SM (Algeria) v Entry Clearance Officer, UK Visa Section [2018] UKSC 9 (14 February 2018) This appeal concerning legal guardianship under the Islamic “kefalah” system provided the Supreme Court the opportunity to refer three questions to the CJEU. The justices … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Algeria, Article 8, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Entry Clearance, European Union, Free Movement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal: No Absolutism in Zambrano Principle

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v Robinson (Jamaica) [2018] EWCA Civ 85 (02 February 2018) The government’s appeal in this case was stayed, prior to which the UT had allowed Robinson’s appeal against a FTT decision, pending … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, Deportation, European Union, Free Movement, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Free Movement: ‘Spouse’ Includes Same Sex Spouse

Coman v Inspectoratul General pentru Imigrări (C‑673/16, ECLI:EU:C:2018:2, AG Wathelet’s Opinion) Marriage between persons of the same sex is prohibited under article 277(1), (2) and (4) of the Romanian Civil Code. Relu Adrian Coman – a Romanian – cohabited with Robert Clabourn … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, CFR, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, Families, Free Movement, Permanent Residence, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

An ‘Important Milestone’: The Judgment in Lounes

Lounes v Secretary of State for the Home Department (C-165/16, EU:C:2017:862) In this judgment, the CJEU has embraced AG Bot’s opinion that EU law does not take away with one hand that which it has given with the other. The … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, Families, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Permanent Residence, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Appeal Rights and EFMs: The End of Sala

Khan v Secretary of State for the Home Department & Anor [2017] EWCA Civ 1755 (09 November 2017) Appeal rights in a hostile environment are a hotly debated topic in immigration law. Enforcement officials are notorious for denying appeal rights … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, CFR, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, European Union, Immigration Act 2014, Judges, OFMs, Proportionality, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment