Category Archives: Children

Extortionist visa application fees caused “colossal interference” with Windrush victim’s right to family life

Mahabir & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2021] EWHC 1177 (Admin) (06 May 2021) Mrs Lynda Mahabir came to the UK as a baby aged two months in 1969. She lived in the UK until 1977 … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 8, Children, ECtHR, Entry Clearance, Families, Hostile Environment, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Racism, Trinidad and Tobago, Windrush | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Local authority can apply for EUSS settled status for children in care without court approval

W and Re Z (EU Settled Status for Looked After Children) [2021] EWHC 783 (Fam) (31 March 2021)  In these proceedings the court was required to determine whether local authorities needed its authorisation to apply for immigration status or passports … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Children, European Union, EUSS, Family Court, Free Movement, Settled Status, Settlement, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: £1,012 citizenship fee for children is unlawful

R (Project for the Registration of Children As British Citizens & Anor) v SSHD [2021] EWCA Civ 193 (18 February 2021)  The Court of Appeal has held that the SSHD failed to consider the best interests of children under section … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Immigration Act 2014, Judicial Review, s 55 BCIA, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

No further “exceptional circumstances” test for Zambrano carers in deportation cases

Robinson (Jamaica) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] UKSC 53 (16 December 2020)  This appeal raised the issue whether a third-country national (TCN) otherwise benefiting from the derivative right to reside within EU territory pursuant to the … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, CFR, Children, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Jamaica, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Strasbourg finds Nigerian man’s deportation violated article 8

Unuane v United Kingdom – 80343/17 [2020] ECHR 832 (24 November 2020)  In the case of Mr Unuane, a Nigerian national, who had been deported from the UK after a conviction for offences relating to falsification of immigration documents, the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, ECtHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistani criminal who renounced British citizenship loses deportation appeal

Zulfiqar (‘Foreign criminal’: British citizen) [2020] UKUT 312 (IAC) (11 September 2020)  The Upper Tribunal has found that the meaning of “foreign criminal” is not consistent over the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the UK Borders Act 2007. … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nationality, Nikah, Pakistan, Tribunals, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jamaican father of four British children wins in Court of Appeal

KB (Jamaica) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1385 (28 October 2020)  The Court of Appeal has held that FTTJ Gurung-Thapa had not erred in law by allowing a foreign criminal’s deportation appeal when she … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Jamaica, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA, Spouses, Tribunals, UKBA | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistan and Child Abduction: Lahore High Court holds ‘Hague Convention is not an extradition treaty’

Pakistan is notorious for child abduction. In the case of Sumayyah Moses v SHO and Others (Writ Petition No. 74048 of 2019) PLD 2020 Lahore 716, the Lahore High Court explained that the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International … Continue reading

Posted in Cases, Child Abduction, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Expert Evidence, Extradition, Families, Family Court, Foreign law, Habitual Residence, Hague Convention, Inherent Jurisdiction, Islam, Judicial Review, Lahore High Court, Nationality, Pakistan, South Africa | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Lahore High Court ruling on Pakistan and Child Abduction

In Abid Hussain (Petitioner) v Rukhsana Munir and others (Respondents) 2020 YLR 1533 Lahore, Miss Aalia Neelum J directed Pakistan’s police authorities to produce two Dutch girls of Pakistani origin, who had been abducted by their own mother and then taken … Continue reading

Posted in Child Abduction, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Divorce, Families, Family Court, Habitual Residence, Hague Convention, Judicial Review, Lahore High Court, Netherlands, Pakistan | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Lahore High Court ruling on forced conversion to Islam

In Nasira v Judicial Magistrate and 5 others Writ Petition No. 45156 of 2019/PLD 2020 Lahore 489, the Lahore High Court granted a petition under Article 199 of the Constitution of Pakistan 1973 by a Christian woman called Nasira where she sought … Continue reading

Posted in Article 9, Asylum, Children, Conversion, ECHR, Families, Foreign law, Guardianship, India, Islam, Lahore High Court, Pakistan, Persecution, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

High Court of Sindh on Pakistan and the Hague Convention

The case of Mst Farhat (Petitioner) v Umair Hanif Ghanchi and Others (Respondents) 2019 CLC 1311 Sindh is an early example of the High Court of Sindh grappling with the issues connected to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of … Continue reading

Posted in Child Abduction, Children, Dubai, Family Court, Hague Convention, International Law, Interpol, Islam, Karachi, Pakistan, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal clarifies asylum bars in child abduction cases

G (A Child: Child Abduction) [2020] EWCA Civ 1185 (15 September 2020)  The Court of Appeal has held that Lieven J (the High Court Judge) had been wrong to stay proceedings on the basis that there was a bar to … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Child Abduction, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Habitual Residence, Hague Convention, High Court, Immigration Rules, International Law, Lady Hale, Pakistan, Refugee Convention, Removals, South Africa, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal reviews the meaning of “unduly harsh”

HA (Iraq) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1176 (04 September 2020)  The appeals of HA and RA, both Iraqis, concerned the terms of Part 5A of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (especially … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Rules, Iraq, Lady Hale, Parliament, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

A look at the new Home Office adoption guidance 

The new guidance Adopted children and children coming to the UK for adoption (Version 1.0) was published by the Home Office on 23 July 2020. It informs decision-makers how to decide applications for leave to enter or remain in the … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Adoption Convention, Article 8, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, Families, Habitual Residence, Immigration Rules, Nationality, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Principles and practice of adoption law in Pakistan

Pakistan is not party to the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption 1993 and adopting a child in Pakistan is a long, difficult, and legally-complex process. Observably, the Guardians and Wards Act 1890 governs … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Adoption Convention, Cases, Children, Habitual Residence, Human Trafficking, International Law, Karachi, Pakistan, United States | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

How do Pakistani courts approach child abduction cases?

What can be said about the approach taken by the Pakistani courts in child abduction cases? Little is known about this topic and of course since Pakistan is a new entrant to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of … Continue reading

Posted in Child Abduction, Children, Families, Forced marriage, Guardianship, Hague Convention, Islam, Lahore High Court, Muslims, Pakistan, Racism, Scotland, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

US accepts Pakistan’s accession to the Hague Convention

On 22 December 2016, Pakistan deposited its instrument of accession in relation to the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction 1980. This made Pakistan the 96th Contracting State to the Convention which entered into force for Pakistan … Continue reading

Posted in Child Abduction, Children, Family Court, Guardianship, Habitual Residence, Hague Convention, International Law, Lady Hale, Pakistan, UKSC, USSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Regulation 33 certification: Court of Appeal quashes refusal of interim relief to Portuguese national

R (Mendes) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 924 (17 July 2020)  The only target of this appeal was Murray J’s order refusing interim relief in the form of a mandatory order requiring the Home … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, European Union, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Risk of FGM: A child’s welfare is paramount in the family court 

A (A Child) [2020] EWCA Civ 731 (15 June 2020)  Ryder, King and Hickinbottom LJJ have affirmed the decision of Sir Andrew McFarlane P [2019] EWHC 2475 (Fam) by holding that when a family court considers an application for a female … Continue reading

Posted in Africa, Asylum, Cases, Children, Court of Appeal, Family Court, Female Genital Mutilation, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, s 55 BCIA, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

NRPF regime breaches Article 3 of the ECHR and is unlawful

R (W, A Child By His Litigation Friend J) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department & Anor [2020] EWHC 1299 (Admin) (21 May 2020) The “no recourse to public funds” or “NRPF” condition produces the effect of … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Children, COVID-19, ECHR, Families, Fees, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, NRPF, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments