Category Archives: Children

Risk of FGM: A child’s welfare is paramount in the family court 

A (A Child) [2020] EWCA Civ 731 (15 June 2020)  Ryder, King and Hickinbottom LJJ have affirmed the decision of Sir Andrew McFarlane P [2019] EWHC 2475 (Fam) by holding that when a family court considers an application for a female … Continue reading

Posted in Africa, Asylum, Cases, Children, Court of Appeal, Family Court, Female Genital Mutilation, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, s 55 BCIA, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

NRPF regime breaches Article 3 of the ECHR and is unlawful

R (W, A Child By His Litigation Friend J) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department & Anor [2020] EWHC 1299 (Admin) (21 May 2020) The “no recourse to public funds” or “NRPF” condition produces the effect of … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Children, COVID-19, ECHR, Families, Fees, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, NRPF, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments

Upper Tribunal: Policy on fee waivers is unlawful 

In R (otao Dzineku-Liggison) v SSHD [JR/2249/2019], the UT held that the Home Office’s policy on fee waivers, namely the Fee Waiver: Human Rights-based and other specified applications, version 3.0 (dated 4 January 2019), is unlawful. UTJ Blundell took the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Cases, Children, ECHR, Families, Fees, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Removals, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Mother of British child fails on Chikwamba and Zambrano

Younas (section 117B(6)(b); Chikwamba; Zambrano) [2020] UKUT 129 (IAC)(24 March 2020)  Chikwamba [2008] UKHL 40 and Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124) were landmark cases. The Chikwamba principle is that there is no public interest in removing a person from the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, CJEU, COVID-19, ECHR, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judges, Pakistan, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Royal Marine gambler with two sons loses deportation battle

LE (St Vincent and the Grenadines) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 505 (07 April 2020)  The Court of Appeal has held that section 117C(5) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 applies … Continue reading

Posted in Afghan War, Appeals, Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Iraq, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Section 117B(6) of the NIAA 2002 requires a “fact-finding” approach

Runa v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 514 (08 April 2020)  In this appeal Singh LJ accepted, and Baker LJ and Cobb J concurred, the submission that section 117B(6) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Recent changes to immigration and nationality fees 

The Immigration and Nationality (Fees) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2020 came into force on 6 April 2020. They amend the Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Regulations 2018 and regulations 4(b) and 9(1), (2)(a) and (3) and provide for a new exception … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Fees, Immigration Rules, Tier 1 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Substance not form grounds a family life

Uddin v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 338 (12 March 2020)  Sir Ernest Ryder and Bean and King LJJ have held that dependency, in the strict sense provided for in Kugathas [2003] EWCA Civ 31, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, Child Abduction, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Human Trafficking, Immigration Rules, Judges, Sedley LJ, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Human trafficking: Tribunal is not bound by NRM decision

MS (Pakistan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] UKSC 9 (18 March 2020)  These proceedings in the Supreme Court have resulted in the outcome that when determining an appeal in which it was argued that that removal … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 4, Asylum, Cases, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Human Trafficking, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Pakistan, UKSC, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Registration fees for British citizenship breach section 55 duty

R (PRCBC & Ors) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWHC 3536 (Admin) (19 December 2019)  The Project for the Registration of Children as British Citizens (“PRCBC”), and two child claimants “O” and “A” brought judicial review proceedings against … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Article 14, Article 8, Children, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Settlement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Black British’: Nigerian criminal wins in Court of Appeal 

CI (Nigeria) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 2027 (22 November 2019)  The Court of Appeal allowed a Nigerian criminal’s appeal after considering the scope and proper application of “Exception 1” to deportation set … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, Culture, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Permanent Residence, Tribunals, UKSC, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The public interest in deportation has ‘a moveable rather than fixed quality’ holds Court of Appeal

Akinyemi v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 2098 (04 December 2019)  The Court of Appeal thinks that it is necessary to approach the public interest in deportation in a flexible manner by accepting that … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Cases, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Human Rights, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Algerian father of five British children loses deportation battle 

OH (Algeria) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1763 (24 October 2019)  The Court of Appeal has held that in considering a challenge to the deportation of a foreign national offender under section 117C of … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Immigration Rules | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Article 8 assessments are fact intensive 

GM (Sri Lanka) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1630 (04 October 2019) GM arrived in the UK from Sri Lanka as a student in 2010 and in August 2012 she married another Sri Lankan … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Asylum, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Settlement, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

HC 2631 and the EU Settlement Scheme 

Statement of Changes to the Immigration Rules HC 2631, presented to Parliament on 9 September 2019, makes a raft of changes and it makes revised provision for access to the EU Settlement Scheme (or the “EUSS”) until 29 March 2022 … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Immigration Rules | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal reopens appeal to avoid real injustice

Singh v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1504 (22 August 2019) Hickinbottom LJ recently granted an application pursuant to rule 52.30 of the Civil Procedure Rules and allowed an Indian national’s appeal. His Lordship … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Public Interest, Tier 4, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jamaican father of six British children loses in Court of Appeal 

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v PG (Jamaica) [2019] EWCA Civ 1213 (11 July 2019) This is another tale of a father with six British children who lost his case in the Court of Appeal. Floyd, Hickinbottom … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Rules, Jamaica, Public Interest, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistani father of six British children loses deportation appeal 

MA (Pakistan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1252 (18 July 2019) In this case with striking facts, the Court of Appeal upheld decisions made by the First-tier Tribunal and Upper Tribunal in relation to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, Public Interest | Leave a comment

Stranded Sri Lankan father wins on Article 8 in Court of Appeal 

UT (Sri Lanka) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1095 (26 June 2019) Floyd and Coulson LJJ have provided an outline of the proper approach that the Upper Tribunal should take as regards immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Families, Immigration Rules, Lady Hale, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jamaican drug dealer beats Home Office in Court of Appeal

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v JG (Jamaica) [2019] EWCA Civ 982 (12 June 2019) The Court of Appeal has held that FTTJ Burnett had been entitled to hold that the deportation of a Jamaican citizen (JC) … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Tribunals, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment