Category Archives: Immigration Rules

“Poorly drafted” Immigration Rules: Court of Appeal reluctantly approves “objectionable” investor visa scheme

R (Wang & Anor) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2021] EWCA Civ 679 (11 May 2021)  In relation to an applicant for leave to remain as a Tier 1 (Investor) Migrant under the points-based system (PBS) required … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, Investors, Judicial Review, PBS, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Refusal of ILR but grant of leave means no right of appeal

R (M Aleem Mujahid) v First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) [2021] EWCA Civ 449 (31 March 2021) These proceedings turned on the question where a person who is in the UK makes an application for indefinite leave to … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appeals, Article 8, Court of Appeal, Curtailment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Post Study Work, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Priti Patel’s pathetic plan to fix the immigration system

The controversial policy statement on the government’s New Plan for Immigration CP 412 (March 2021) claims that “in the year ending September 2019, 62% of UK asylum claims were made by those entering illegally – for example by small boats, … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Australia, BN(O), Credibility, Crime, Expert Evidence, HOPOs, Human Trafficking, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Persecution, Refugee Convention, Removals, WCOs | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Procedural fairness: ECO must put suspicions of dishonesty to applicant before refusal says Court of Appeal

R (Wahid) v Entry Clearance Officer [2021] EWCA Civ 346 (25 February 2021)  Following the approach in Balajigari v SSHD [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (discussed here), the Court of Appeal has held that it is arguable that procedural fairness required … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix V, Costs, Court of Appeal, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Abduction and asylum: Supreme Court holds child named on parent’s asylum application is protected from refoulement

G v G [2021] UKSC 9 (19 March 2021)  The Supreme Court has held that a child named as a dependant on her parent’s asylum claim who could objectively be understood to have made a request for international protection had … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Asylum, Brexit, Child Abduction, High Court, Immigration Rules, Refugee Convention, South Africa, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

SSHD succeeds against BNO in Court of Appeal

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v Tariq [2021] EWCA Civ 378 (16 March 2021)  In these proceedings the Court of Appeal held that Helen Mountfield QC, sitting as as a Deputy High Court Judge of the Administrative … Continue reading

Posted in Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Expert Evidence, Hong Kong, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Settlement, UKSC | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Appendix FM: SSHD cannot push parent into partner route

R (Khattak) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (“eligible to apply” – LTR – “partner”) [2021] UKUT 63 (IAC) (23 February 2021 Granting judicial review, the UT has held that an applicant is “eligible to apply for leave to … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The new graduate route and beyond

March’s Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules: HC 1248 is the first set of changes to the Immigration Rules for this year. It introduces the highly touted Graduate Route. HC 1248 makes changes to the Skilled Worker Route, the EU Settlement … Continue reading

Posted in Elite Points-Based Visa, EUSS, Graduate Route, Immigration Rules, Innovator, Shortage Occupation List, Skilled Worker | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Upper Tribunal must not speculate on facts

Lowe v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2021] EWCA Civ 62 (25 January 2021)  Mr Lowe, a Jamaican national, appealed a decision of the UT to reverse the FTT’s decision to allow his appeal against the refusal … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Jamaica, Public Interest, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Procedural fairness fails entrepreneur in Court of Appeal

R (Taj) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2021] EWCA Civ 19 (20 January 2021)  Genuineness of intention is a key part of obtaining a visa to the UK. This appeal related to the closed (in March 2019) Tier … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Court of Appeal, Fairness, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, PBS, Tier 1, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal: ‘Historic injustice’ v ‘historical injustice’

Patel (historic injustice: NIAA Part 5A) India [2020] UKUT 351 (IAC) (25 November 2020)  The Upper Tribunal (Lane J and UTJ Norton-Taylor) has imparted guidance explaining the difference between “historic injustice” and “historical injustice” and it also gave guidance on … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, British Overseas Citizens, ECHR, Gurkhas, Historic Injustice, Historical injustice, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Permission to work guidance for asylum seekers is unlawful

R (IJ (Kosovo)) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWHC 3487 (Admin) (18 December 2020)  The claimant, “IJ”, was a citizen of Kosovo who was determined to be a refugee and a victim of trafficking. During the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 4, Article 8, Asylum, Costs, ECAT, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Human Trafficking, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Persecution, Working | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

An unlawful lacuna in policy is harming victims of trafficking

EOG (Anonymity Order Made) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWHC 3310 (Admin) (03 December 2020) Mostyn J has held that an unlawful lacuna in the government’s existing policy concerning the leave to remain of potential trafficking … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 3, ECAT, ECHR, Hostile Environment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Strasbourg finds Nigerian man’s deportation violated article 8

Unuane v United Kingdom – 80343/17 [2020] ECHR 832 (24 November 2020)  In the case of Mr Unuane, a Nigerian national, who had been deported from the UK after a conviction for offences relating to falsification of immigration documents, the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, ECtHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistani criminal who renounced British citizenship loses deportation appeal

Zulfiqar (‘Foreign criminal’: British citizen) [2020] UKUT 312 (IAC) (11 September 2020)  The Upper Tribunal has found that the meaning of “foreign criminal” is not consistent over the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the UK Borders Act 2007. … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nationality, Nikah, Pakistan, Tribunals, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Procedural fairness fails skilled migrant in Court of Appeal

R (Topadar) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1525 The uncertain outcome in the Supreme Court in R (Pathan) v SSHD [2020] UKSC 41, discussed here, was swiftly put to the test in the case … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix Skilled Worker, Article 8, Bank Accounts, Court of Appeal, Employment, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Procedural Fairness, Tier 2, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal refuses relief in “bad” paragraph 322(5) cases

R (Baldha & Anor) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1494 (10 November 2020)  In two tax discrepancy matters with some similarities, sitting alone Hickinbottom LJ decided to refuse permission to amend and permission to appeal in … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Costs, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, India, Judicial Review, Overstaying, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tax, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Inaccessible new Immigration Rules are not “good law”

The Home Secretary, Priti Patel has gleefully announced “After many years of campaigning, I am delighted the Immigration Bill which will end free movement on 31st December has today passed through Parliament. We are delivering on the will of the … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appendix Continuous Residence, Appendix Finance, Appendix Shortage Occupation Lists, Appendix Skilled Worker, Court of Appeal, Global Talent, Immigration Act 2020, Immigration Rules, Overstaying, PBS, Settlement, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Supreme Court: Failure to promptly notify migrant of revocation of sponsor’s licence breached duty of procedural fairness

R (Pathan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] UKSC 41 (23 October 2020)  This case turned on the issue whether notice to an applicant of revocation of a sponsor’s licence in respect of his Tier 2 (General) … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Employment, Immigration Rules, India, Judicial Review, Overstaying, PBS, Students, Tier 2, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal rebukes poor drafting of Immigration Rules

Hoque & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1357 (22 October 2020) The Court of Appeal has deeply criticised the “labyrinthine structure” and “idiosyncratic drafting” of the the Immigration Rules and “the confused language … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Education, Immigration Rules, Long Residence, Overstaying, Pakistan, Settlement, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, Tribunals, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment