Category Archives: Tier 1

“Poorly drafted” Immigration Rules: Court of Appeal reluctantly approves “objectionable” investor visa scheme

R (Wang & Anor) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2021] EWCA Civ 679 (11 May 2021)  In relation to an applicant for leave to remain as a Tier 1 (Investor) Migrant under the points-based system (PBS) required … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, Investors, Judicial Review, PBS, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Refusal of ILR but grant of leave means no right of appeal

R (M Aleem Mujahid) v First Tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) [2021] EWCA Civ 449 (31 March 2021) These proceedings turned on the question where a person who is in the UK makes an application for indefinite leave to … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appeals, Article 8, Court of Appeal, Curtailment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Post Study Work, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Procedural fairness fails entrepreneur in Court of Appeal

R (Taj) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2021] EWCA Civ 19 (20 January 2021)  Genuineness of intention is a key part of obtaining a visa to the UK. This appeal related to the closed (in March 2019) Tier … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Court of Appeal, Fairness, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, PBS, Tier 1, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal refuses relief in “bad” paragraph 322(5) cases

R (Baldha & Anor) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1494 (10 November 2020)  In two tax discrepancy matters with some similarities, sitting alone Hickinbottom LJ decided to refuse permission to amend and permission to appeal in … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Costs, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, India, Judicial Review, Overstaying, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tax, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal rebukes poor drafting of Immigration Rules

Hoque & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1357 (22 October 2020) The Court of Appeal has deeply criticised the “labyrinthine structure” and “idiosyncratic drafting” of the the Immigration Rules and “the confused language … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Education, Immigration Rules, Long Residence, Overstaying, Pakistan, Settlement, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, Tribunals, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal refuses to reopen paragraph 322(5) appeal

R (Akram) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1072 (12 August 2020) The Court of Appeal has refused to reopen the appeal of a Pakistani Tier 1 (General) Migrant who had been refused indefinite leave … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Court of Appeal, Hostile Environment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Tribunal’s guidance on paragraph 322(5) and accountants

Ashfaq (Balajigari: appeals) [2020] UKUT 226 (IAC) (17 June 2020)  In relation to paragraph 322(5), Ockelton VP has found that (i) if the SSHD’s decision of the carries a right of appeal, the availability of the appeal process corrects the defects … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, ECHR, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistani with ‘sufficiently reprehensible conduct’ wins ILR

SSHD v MA Khan [2020] UKAITUR HU097412019 (12 March 2020)  Appeals falling within the dreaded paragraph 322(5) genre are usually quite controversial as Tier 1 (General) migrants were seen as an asset to the UK’s economy but many of them cooked up tax … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), Proportionality, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules CP 232

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules CP 232 of 14 May 2020 makes a raft of changes to the Immigration Rules which will take effect on 4 June and 24 August. Some changes are being made to the Immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

“Open for business”: Analysis of the UK’s new PBS 

An “Australian-style points-based system” (new PBS) to control immigration was one of six guarantees given by Boris Johnson to “get Brexit done in January and unleash the potential of our whole country.” The new PBS is the cornerstone of the UK’s post-Brexit immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, COVID-19, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Politics, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Recent changes to immigration and nationality fees 

The Immigration and Nationality (Fees) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2020 came into force on 6 April 2020. They amend the Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Regulations 2018 and regulations 4(b) and 9(1), (2)(a) and (3) and provide for a new exception … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Fees, Immigration Rules, Tier 1 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal holds paragraph 276B(ii) and paragraph 322(5) represent discrete tests for refusing ILR

Tahir Yaseen v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 157 (14 February 2020) The appellant, Mr Tahir Yaseen, a Pakistani national, failed to make timely tax returns for the years 2010/11, 2011/12 and 2012/13. He filed … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Conduct/Character, Court of Appeal, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Hostile Environment, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), Public Interest, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Home Office sticks to its guns on paragraph 322(5)

In Balajigari [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (discussed here), the Court of Appeal held that the use of paragraph 322(5) of the Immigration Rules in the cases of highly skilled Tier 1 (General) migrants (T1GMs) was “legally flawed” because SSHD decision-makers … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Appendix V, Court of Appeal, Deception, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal takes a strict stance on adducing new evidence to the Upper Tribunal

Kabir v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1162 (09 July 2019) On the topic of fresh evidence (in the context of deception, false documents, bank statements) the Court of Appeal has held that the … Continue reading

Posted in Bangladesh, Bank Accounts, Banks, Court of Appeal, Deception, Entrepreneurs, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal holds that a ‘director’s loan’ does not have a specialist meaning in Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) applications

R (Sajjad) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 720 (17 April 2019) In a Pakistani businessman’s appeal against the dismissal of his application for judicial review against the refusal of his application for further leave … Continue reading

Posted in Business, Companies Act 2006, Court of Appeal, Entrepreneurs, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, PBS, Tier 1, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Paragraph 322(5) and Tier 1 (General): Home Office policy of refusing ILR in earnings discrepancy cases is ‘legally flawed’

Balajigari v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (16 April 2019) In a complex judgment, the Court of Appeal has held that the ongoing use of paragraph 322(5) of the Immigration Rules in the cases … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals, UKSC, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Scottish Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

Oji (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] CSOH 127 The petitioner, or claimant, Mr Collins Oji was a Nigerian national who applied for indefinite leave to remain (ILR) on 19 February 2016 along with his dependent … Continue reading

Posted in False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Nigeria, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Scotland, Tier 1, Working | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and the UK’s future immigration system

The spectre of crashing out of the EU without a deal is sending jitters across the UK. Events have clearly shown that holding a snap poll on immigration failed to do justice to the true merits of EU membership. Last … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, Immigration Rules, Politics, Tier 1, Tier 2, UKSC, Windrush, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

New Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

R (Khan) v SSHD (Dishonesty, Tax Return, Paragraph 322(5)) [2018] UKUT 384 (IAC) (3 May 2018) Migrants in the defunct Tier 1 (General) category used to be a viable source of highly skilled workers for the UK. Since the route … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Misconduct, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), Tier 1, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Ticking the Fee Box: Crucial Guidance on Authorising Payment and Validity of Immigration Applications

Kousar & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2462 (07 November 2018) Giving guidance on the scope of the earlier Basnet [2012] UKUT 113 (IAC) principle concerning the rejection of applications as invalid, the Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Court of Appeal, Families, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, PBS, Proportionality, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment