Category Archives: Citizenship and Nationality

Terror trio triumphant in citizenship deprivation appeal

In C3, C4 and C7 v SSHD, the Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC) agreed with the point that C3, C4 and C7 had no other nationality other than that of the UK and so the SSHD was not able to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 3, Citizenship and Nationality, Deprivation of Citizenship, Expert Evidence, Human Rights, ISIS/ISIL, Pakistan, SIAC, Statelessness, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

SSHD succeeds against BNO in Court of Appeal

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v Tariq [2021] EWCA Civ 378 (16 March 2021)  In these proceedings the Court of Appeal held that Helen Mountfield QC, sitting as as a Deputy High Court Judge of the Administrative … Continue reading

Posted in Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Expert Evidence, Hong Kong, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Settlement, UKSC | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Government can retain passport without removing citizenship

R (Xhelilaj) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2021] EWHC 408 (Admin) (24 February 2021) Mr Edmir Xhelilaj, a British citizen whose stated place of birth is now in the Republic of North Macedonia, sought judicial review of … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, Judicial Review, Settlement | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Shamima Begum: SSHD strikes back in Supreme Court 

R (Begum) v Special Immigration Appeals Commission & Anor [2021] UKSC 7 (26 February 2021)  Ms Shamima Begum was born and raised in the UK. She was a British citizen at birth and at age 15 she travelled to Syria … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appeals, Article 2, Article 3, Article 6, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Deprivation of Citizenship, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Human Rights Act, Human Trafficking, Iraq, ISIS/ISIL, Judicial Review, Statelessness, Syria, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: £1,012 citizenship fee for children is unlawful

R (Project for the Registration of Children As British Citizens & Anor) v SSHD [2021] EWCA Civ 193 (18 February 2021)  The Court of Appeal has held that the SSHD failed to consider the best interests of children under section … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Immigration Act 2014, Judicial Review, s 55 BCIA, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistani criminal who renounced British citizenship loses deportation appeal

Zulfiqar (‘Foreign criminal’: British citizen) [2020] UKUT 312 (IAC) (11 September 2020)  The Upper Tribunal has found that the meaning of “foreign criminal” is not consistent over the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the UK Borders Act 2007. … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nationality, Nikah, Pakistan, Tribunals, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistan and Child Abduction: Lahore High Court holds ‘Hague Convention is not an extradition treaty’

Pakistan is notorious for child abduction. In the case of Sumayyah Moses v SHO and Others (Writ Petition No. 74048 of 2019) PLD 2020 Lahore 716, the Lahore High Court explained that the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International … Continue reading

Posted in Cases, Child Abduction, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Expert Evidence, Extradition, Families, Family Court, Foreign law, Habitual Residence, Hague Convention, Inherent Jurisdiction, Islam, Judicial Review, Lahore High Court, Nationality, Pakistan, South Africa | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Lahore High Court ruling on Pakistan and Child Abduction

In Abid Hussain (Petitioner) v Rukhsana Munir and others (Respondents) 2020 YLR 1533 Lahore, Miss Aalia Neelum J directed Pakistan’s police authorities to produce two Dutch girls of Pakistani origin, who had been abducted by their own mother and then taken … Continue reading

Posted in Child Abduction, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Divorce, Families, Family Court, Habitual Residence, Hague Convention, Judicial Review, Lahore High Court, Netherlands, Pakistan | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal reviews the meaning of “unduly harsh”

HA (Iraq) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1176 (04 September 2020)  The appeals of HA and RA, both Iraqis, concerned the terms of Part 5A of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (especially … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Rules, Iraq, Lady Hale, Parliament, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

A look at the new Home Office adoption guidance 

The new guidance Adopted children and children coming to the UK for adoption (Version 1.0) was published by the Home Office on 23 July 2020. It informs decision-makers how to decide applications for leave to enter or remain in the … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Adoption Convention, Article 8, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, Families, Habitual Residence, Immigration Rules, Nationality, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Shamima Begum wins in Court of Appeal 

Begum v Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC) [2020] EWCA Civ 918 (16 July 2020) The Court of Appeal has unanimously held that the only way Ms Shamima Begum, who left the UK for Syria aged only 15 along with her … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Article 2, Article 3, Article 8, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, Deprivation of Citizenship, ECHR, ISIS/ISIL, Politics, Public Interest, Syria, Terrorism, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Recent changes to immigration and nationality fees 

The Immigration and Nationality (Fees) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2020 came into force on 6 April 2020. They amend the Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Regulations 2018 and regulations 4(b) and 9(1), (2)(a) and (3) and provide for a new exception … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Fees, Immigration Rules, Tier 1 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Zambrano carers: The test of compulsion is a practical test

Patel v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] UKSC 59 (16 December 2019) Addressing the scope of the substance of rights test devised in Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124), whereby a non-member state national (or a third country national “TCN”) … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Article 8, Brexit, CFR, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Human Rights, Settlement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Should the UK provide MLA to the US for the death penalty? 

In the Divisional Court, the mother of the accused ISIS terrorist Shafee El Sheikh, Maha El Gizouli failed in her challenge against the Home Secretary’s decision to provide mutual legal assistance (MLA) to the US without requiring an assurance that … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, CFR, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, ECHR, European Union, Human Rights Act, Judicial Review, Syria, Terrorism, UKSC, United States | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Should Shamima Begum be allowed to return home?

After running away from Bethnal Green with her school friends Amira Abase and Kadiza Sultana three years ago, Shamima Begum, the ISIS bride deprived of British citizenship, is stuck in limbo with her son who was born in the al-Hawl refugee … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Deprivation of Citizenship, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Lady Hale, Persecution, Politics, Statelessness, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | 4 Comments

Analysis of the Immigration and Social Security Co-ordination (EU Withdrawal) Bill

The crushing defeat suffered by Theresa May because of the rejection her Brexit Deal has left the UK in utter chaos. Uncertainty looms large in all spheres of UK life but the government is determined to carry through with Brexit … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Students, Windrush, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Standard of Proof for Statelessness is Balance of Probabilities

AS (Guinea) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2234 (12 October 2018) The Court of Appeal has held that those asserting that they are stateless need to prove their case on the balance of probabilities. … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Eritrea, Ethiopia, European Union, Immigration Rules, Nationality, Nigeria, Palestine, Persecution, Proportionality, Public Interest, Refugee Convention, South Africa, Statelessness, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Deprivation of Citizenship: Unnecessary to Conduct a Proleptic Analysis of Deportation

Aziz & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1884 (08 August 2018) Abdul Aziz, Abdul Rauf and Adil Khan – the appellants – were convicted in 2012 of the grooming, sexual exploitation and trafficking … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Crime, Deportation, Deprivation of Citizenship, ECHR, Pakistan | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Deemed Paternity and Discrimination: Section 50(9A) of the British Nationality Act 1981 is Incompatible with the ECHR

K (A Child) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWHC 1834 (Admin) (18 July 2018) Importantly, the Administrative Court has recently held that the scheme in section 50(9A) of the British Nationality Act 1981 which deemed … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 8, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Judicial Review, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

The Coman Case: Same-Sex Marriage and Free Movement Law

The CJEU has held that the term “spouse” within the meaning of the provisions of EU law on freedom of residence for EU citizens and members of their family includes spouses of the same sex. Despite the member states’ freedom to … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, CFR, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, Free Movement, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment