Category Archives: Tier 2

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules CP 232

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules CP 232 of 14 May 2020 makes a raft of changes to the Immigration Rules which will take effect on 4 June and 24 August. Some changes are being made to the Immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

“Open for business”: Analysis of the UK’s new PBS 

An “Australian-style points-based system” (new PBS) to control immigration was one of six guarantees given by Boris Johnson to “get Brexit done in January and unleash the potential of our whole country.” The new PBS is the cornerstone of the UK’s post-Brexit immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, COVID-19, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Politics, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Tier 2 (General) and ‘genuine vacancy’: Court of Appeal holds that irrational PBS refusal should be quashed 

R (Suny) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1019 (19 June 2019) Irwin and Underhill LJJ recently held that the refusal of leave to remain under Tier 2 (General) to a Bangladeshi migrant could … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, Economy, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Tier 2, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and the UK’s future immigration system

The spectre of crashing out of the EU without a deal is sending jitters across the UK. Events have clearly shown that holding a snap poll on immigration failed to do justice to the true merits of EU membership. Last … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, Immigration Rules, Politics, Tier 1, Tier 2, UKSC, Windrush, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Upper Tribunal gives important guidance on discretion and exceptional circumstances

R (Prathipati) v SSHD (Discretion – Exceptional Circumstances) [2018] UKUT 427 (IAC) (26 October 2018) A self-representing applicant for judicial review who in the Upper Tribunal’s view “represented herself with eloquence and courtesy”, Mrs Prathipati triumphed against the government’s junior counsel … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Cases, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

The Court of Appeal on Substantive and Procedural Fairness

Pathan & Islam v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2103 (02 October 2018) Fairness in official decision-making is an important virtue in public law. Dismissing the judicial review claim involving Tier 2 (General) of the … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Economy, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Post Study Work, Students, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

What is the Meaning of ‘Precarious’ in Section 117B(5) of the NIAA 2002?

Having already heard a string of appeals relating to the meaning of “reasonable” in section 117B(6) and the meaning of “unduly harsh” in section 117C(5) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (as amended), recently in Rhuppiah the Supreme Court … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Precariousness, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Students, Tier 2, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC 1154

Interestingly, by virtue of Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC 1154, the Home Office claims to extend its commitment to protect and support the most vulnerable people while simultaneously purporting to encourage highly talented students and workers to remain … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Children, Exceptional Talent, Financial Services, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Investors, PBS, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: American Visitor’s Appeal Allowed

PG (USA) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWCA Civ 118 (26 February 2015) In this case, Elias and Fulford LJJ, Dame Janet Smith allowed Phyllis Gain’s appeal and remitted the matter to the Upper Tribunal … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, PBS, Proportionality, Tier 2, Visitors | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Kaleidoscopic Changes in Immigration Rules Continue

Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC1025 brings further kaleidoscopic changes to the existing abyss of legal nonsense surrounding visas for the UK. Ahead of the impending general election, some unwitting politicians are demanding an “Australian style points-based system” of … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Asylum, Children, ECHR, Entrepreneurs, Exceptional Talent, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, Visitors | Tagged , , , | 2 Comments

Court of Appeal on Children’s Duty

EV (Philippines) & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department (SSHD) [2014] EWCA Civ 874 (26 June 2014) The Court of Appeal (Jackson, Lewison & Christopher Clarke LJJ) went for overkill in this case about the best interests … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, Hale JSC, s 55 BCIA, Tier 2 | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

Spectres of Pankina: The Rules, Fairness and Article 8

Ferrer (limited appeal grounds; Alvi) Philippines [2012] UKUT 304 (IAC) (01 August 2012) This is a recent Upper Tribunal (“UT”, Judges Storey and Lane) case involving the Alvi [2012] UKSC 33 and Pankina [2010] EWCA Civ 719 genre of cases. The … Continue reading

Posted in Alvi, Article 8, Immigration Rules, Philippines, Sedley LJ, Tier 2, Work Permits | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Alvi: The Aftermath …

In the wake of the Alvi [2012] UKSC 33 judgment, a new Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules CM8423  (“the statement”) came into force on 20 July 2012. Weirdly, the statement – spanning an overwhelming 288 pages – also corrects cross-referencing errors in Appendix … Continue reading

Posted in Alvi, Article 8, Dependants, Exceptional Talent, Immigration Rules, Tier 1, Tier 2 | Tagged , , , | 2 Comments

Alvi: Every “Rule” Must Be Laid

R (Alvi) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2012] UKSC 33 This case began as a “simple” Tier 2 (General) application under the points-based system (PBS). Yet the refusal of Mr Alvi’s application ended up in the UK Supreme … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, Pankina, PBS, Sedley LJ, Tier 2, UKSC | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

A rule is a rule

Miah & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2012] EWCA Civ 261 (07 March 2012) This is an important case. The Court of Appeal (Maurice Kay, Stanley Burnton and Lewison LJJ) unanimously decided that there was no … Continue reading

Posted in Bangladesh, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Pankina, PBS, Tier 2 | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

April changes to points-based system

The Immigration Rules are changed all the time. No part of the rules has been varied as much as the points-based system (PBS). The purpose of the PBS was to harmonise the old rules which brought about its creation. Yet, … Continue reading

Posted in Immigration Rules, PBS, Post Study Work, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , | 3 Comments

Work permits, earnings and settlement

Philipson (ILR – not PBS: evidence) India [2012] UKUT 39 (IAC)  In the work categories under the immigration rules, earnings are vital for extensions and acquiring settlement rights (or Indefinite Leave to Remain). But, as the Upper Tribunal (Mr Justice … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Blake J, PBS, s 19 UKBA 2007, Settlement, Tier 2, Work Permits | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Points-based system, switching, etcetera

From July onwards last year Tier 1 (Post-Study Work) visa holders began to face difficulties in switching into Tier 2 (General) because it became virtually impossible to get the UKBA to grant new CoS in the £20,000–£23,999.99 salary band. New … Continue reading

Posted in Employment, Immigration Cap, Immigration Rules, JCWI, Pankina, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2, UKSC, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Points-based system news

As of 6 April 2011 no sponsored migrant under Tier 2 (General) can be paid in cash. Moreover, restricted CoS can be applied for 3 months in advance (the earliest possible date). In paragraph 206 of the Sponsor Guidance, the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, ECHR, Immigration Law, Immigration Rules, Post Study Work, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKBA | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Tier 2 update

The 6 April 2011 changes in the immigration rules will modify Tier 2 (General) by dividing Certificates of Sponsorship (CoS) into ‘restricted’ and ‘unrestricted’ categories. In the restricted category, a cap of 20,700 will be maintained and 4,200 CoS will … Continue reading

Posted in MAC, PBS, Tier 2, UKBA | Tagged , , | Leave a comment