Category Archives: Families

NAO report: Home Office is not delivering value for money

The report on Immigration Enforcement by the National Audit Office (NAO) makes poor reading for the Home Office because it “does not yet have a full understanding of how its activities affect the progress those people take through each part … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appeals, Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Culture, Deportation, Detention, Families, Fees, Hostile Environment, Immigration Rules, NAO, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

NRPF regime breaches Article 3 of the ECHR and is unlawful

R (W, A Child By His Litigation Friend J) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department & Anor [2020] EWHC 1299 (Admin) (21 May 2020) The “no recourse to public funds” or “NRPF” condition produces the effect of … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Children, COVID-19, ECHR, Families, Fees, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, NRPF, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments

Upper Tribunal: Policy on fee waivers is unlawful 

In R (otao Dzineku-Liggison) v SSHD [JR/2249/2019], the UT held that the Home Office’s policy on fee waivers, namely the Fee Waiver: Human Rights-based and other specified applications, version 3.0 (dated 4 January 2019), is unlawful. UTJ Blundell took the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Cases, Children, ECHR, Families, Fees, Hostile Environment, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Removals, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Royal Marine gambler with two sons loses deportation battle

LE (St Vincent and the Grenadines) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 505 (07 April 2020)  The Court of Appeal has held that section 117C(5) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 applies … Continue reading

Posted in Afghan War, Appeals, Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Iraq, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Section 117B(6) of the NIAA 2002 requires a “fact-finding” approach

Runa v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 514 (08 April 2020)  In this appeal Singh LJ accepted, and Baker LJ and Cobb J concurred, the submission that section 117B(6) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Substance not form grounds a family life

Uddin v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 338 (12 March 2020)  Sir Ernest Ryder and Bean and King LJJ have held that dependency, in the strict sense provided for in Kugathas [2003] EWCA Civ 31, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, Child Abduction, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Human Trafficking, Immigration Rules, Judges, Sedley LJ, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Black British’: Nigerian criminal wins in Court of Appeal 

CI (Nigeria) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 2027 (22 November 2019)  The Court of Appeal allowed a Nigerian criminal’s appeal after considering the scope and proper application of “Exception 1” to deportation set … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, Culture, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Permanent Residence, Tribunals, UKSC, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The public interest in deportation has ‘a moveable rather than fixed quality’ holds Court of Appeal

Akinyemi v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 2098 (04 December 2019)  The Court of Appeal thinks that it is necessary to approach the public interest in deportation in a flexible manner by accepting that … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Cases, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Human Rights, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Changes in the Immigration Rules: Key Features of HC170

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules HC 170 amends the Immigration Rules to reflect changes required if the UK leaves the EU without a deal. The changes affect EU, other EEA and Swiss citizens, and their family members. In order … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Crime, Deportation, European Union, EUSS, Families, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Spouses, Turkey | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Jamaican father of six British children loses in Court of Appeal 

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v PG (Jamaica) [2019] EWCA Civ 1213 (11 July 2019) This is another tale of a father with six British children who lost his case in the Court of Appeal. Floyd, Hickinbottom … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Rules, Jamaica, Public Interest, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistani father of six British children loses deportation appeal 

MA (Pakistan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1252 (18 July 2019) In this case with striking facts, the Court of Appeal upheld decisions made by the First-tier Tribunal and Upper Tribunal in relation to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, Public Interest | Leave a comment

Paposhvili and precedent: SCD patient loses in Court of Appeal 

Secretary of State for the Home Department v PF (Nigeria) [2019] EWCA Civ 1139 (04 July 2019) In the case of “PF”, a Nigerian father who was suffering from sickle cell disease (“SCD”) from birth but who was a “foreign criminal”, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Public Interest, Settlement, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Stranded Sri Lankan father wins on Article 8 in Court of Appeal 

UT (Sri Lanka) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1095 (26 June 2019) Floyd and Coulson LJJ have provided an outline of the proper approach that the Upper Tribunal should take as regards immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Entry Clearance, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Families, Immigration Rules, Lady Hale, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal’s view of ‘unduly harsh’ and ‘very compelling circumstances’ tests in section 117C after KO (Nigeria)

In RA (section 117C: “unduly harsh”: offence: seriousness) Iraq [2019] UKUT 123 (IAC) together with MS (section 117C(6): “very compelling circumstances”) Philippines [2019] UKUT 122 (IAC) which were heard consecutively, the Upper Tribunal considered how section 117C (article 8: additional considerations in cases … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Iraq, Precariousness, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Has Chavez-Vilchez altered the approach to derivative claims for residence in the UK?

Sarmiento and Sharpston view Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124), which caused a stir because of the substance of rights test, as a “high-water mark” in the CJEU’s jurisprudence. Thereafter, the court began to suffer from “citizenship exhaustion” and the “test was shelved … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Article 8, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, European Union, Families, Immigration Rules, Netherlands, Pakistan, Settlement, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Seven Year Rule: Immigration History of Parents is Irrelevant

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v AB (Jamaica) & Anor [2019] EWCA Civ 661 (12 April 2019) As discussed earlier in the analysis of JG (section 117B(6): “reasonable to leave” UK) Turkey [2019] UKUT 72 (IAC), the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Cases, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Free Movement and Kafala: CJEU Judgment in SM (Algeria)

SM (Enfant place sous kafala algerienne) (Citizenship of the European Union – “Direct descendant” – Judgment) (C-129/18, EU:C:2019:248) The CJEU has confirmed AG Campos Sánchez-Bordona’s opinion that a child in the guardianship of an EU citizen under the kafala system … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Brexit, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, ECOs, Entry Clearance, European Union, Families, Free Movement, Guardianship, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Should Shamima Begum be allowed to return home?

After running away from Bethnal Green with her school friends Amira Abase and Kadiza Sultana three years ago, Shamima Begum, the ISIS bride deprived of British citizenship, is stuck in limbo with her son who was born in the al-Hawl refugee … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Citizenship and Nationality, Deprivation of Citizenship, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Lady Hale, Persecution, Politics, Statelessness, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | 4 Comments

Court of Appeal: Banger is Unrestricted in Scope

Secretary of State for the Home Department v Christy [2018] EWCA Civ 2378 (25 October 2018) The Court of Appeal recently held that the derived right of facilitation identified in Banger (C-89/17, EU:C:2018:570, discussed here) cannot be read as being … Continue reading

Posted in Algeria, Appeals, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Families, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ticking the Fee Box: Crucial Guidance on Authorising Payment and Validity of Immigration Applications

Kousar & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2462 (07 November 2018) Giving guidance on the scope of the earlier Basnet [2012] UKUT 113 (IAC) principle concerning the rejection of applications as invalid, the Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Court of Appeal, Families, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, PBS, Proportionality, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment