Category Archives: Employment

Court of Appeal confirms £1 flat rate of pay in IRCs is lawful 

Badmus & Ors, R (On the Application Of) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 657 (20 May 2020) Sir Terence Etherton MR and Hickinbottom and Simler LJJ have determined in these proceedings that the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 4, Article 8, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, Employment, IRCs, Judicial Review, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and Appendix EU: Changes to the Immigration Rules

In his recent opinion in R O (C‑327/18 PPU, EU:C:2018:644), Advocate General Szpunar lamented that “we know that we know next to nothing about the future legal relationship between the EU and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Employment, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Politics, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Integration is Multidimensional: ‘Generic Factors’ Count in Calculating Integrative Links in Deportation Cases

AS (Iran) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] EWCA Civ 1284 (23 August 2017) AS entered the UK aged nine with his mother under the family reunion rules because his father had been granted indefinite leave to … Continue reading

Posted in ADR, Article 8, Cases, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Employment, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Iran, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Aligning the Immigration Rules with MM (Lebanon)

Judicial review claims known as MM (Lebanon) & Ors [2017] UKSC 10 challenging the Minimum Income Requirements (MIR) under Appendix FM ended in overall disappointment for divided families. Partial success at first instance resulted in momentary jubilation. But ultimately, following … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Children, ECHR, Employment, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

EU Law and Family Unity: The Opinion in Lounes

Lounes v Secretary of State for the Home Department (C‑165/16 EU:C:2017:407) (30 May 2017) An Algerian, Toufik Lounes entered the UK as a visitor on a six-month visa in January 2010. He overstayed illegally. He formed a relationship with Perla … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Employment, Integration, Permanent Residence, Proportionality, Spouses, Working | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Free Movement and Deportation: Nonjudicial Restrictions on the Right to Work are Lawful

R (Lauzikas) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWHC 3215 (Admin) (16 December 2016) Like countless other European citizens, the Lithuanian claimant, Lauzikas, came to the UK to work the construction industry. He entered the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, Employment, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Notices, Proportionality, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Algerian Jihadist poised for ILR

G v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWHC 3232 (Admin) (16 December 2016) An “Arab-Afghan” and a Salafist who joined the dreaded Fronte Islamique de Salut (FIS) in 1989, the claimant was an Algerian national who tried … Continue reading

Posted in Algeria, Article 3, Article 8, Asylum, Deportation, ECHR, Employment, Immigration Rules, Politics, RLR, Settlement, SIAC, Terrorism, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Sick Man of Europe: Can Theresa May Save the UK?

These days the British rule with two queens but they are still quite sick. Of course, the ills of their country are almost exclusively related to Brexit – a meaningless word not long ago. “Change is in the air” and … Continue reading

Posted in Banks, Blogging, Brexit, Business, Cases, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, Employment, Financial Services, High Court, Immigration Act 2014, Pakistan, Politics, Students | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Extremely Deplorable CJEU Ruling on Domestic Violence

SSHD v NA (Pakistan) [2016] EUECJ C-115/15, EU:C:2016:487 (30 June 2016) As pointed out by Guild, Peers and Tomkin in The EU Citizenship Directive: A Commentary (2014), Directive 2004/38/EC “has proven to be a fertile ground for litigation, generating increasing, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, CFR, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Domestic Violence, Employment, Proportionality, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Analysis: Immigration Act 2016

A hostile environment hitting wrongdoing from every angle has been in the making for a long time. The Immigration Act 2016 builds on the foundations laid by the “flagship” Immigration Act 2014. The public tends to view foreigners as stealing local … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Brexit, Children, Deportation, ECHR, Economy, Employment, Enforcement, European Union, Fees, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Islam, PBS, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

MAC Skewers Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visas

The home secretary’s advisers – the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) – have found that the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa route under the Points-Based System (PBS) is being used by “low quality businesses”. MAC, which consists of a publicly appointed chairman … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Economy, Employment, Entrepreneurs, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

New Punishments: Immigration Bill 2015

The onslaught continues. The Immigration Act 2014 promised to root out the ills of the system but now fresh legislation has been proposed to cure things even further and the home office recently announced a welter of new (improved) anti-immigrant … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appeals, Article 8, Bank Accounts, ECHR, Economy, Employment, Enforcement, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Bill 2015, Judicial Review, Politics, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Upper Tribunal Clarifies Case C-400/12 MG

MG (prison-Article 28(3)(a) of Citizens Directive) Portugal [2014] UKUT 392 (IAC) This famous case – referred to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) by the Upper Tribunal (UT) at [2012] UKUT 268 (IAC) – about the citizens’ … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Deportation, Employment, Tribunals | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Defence of Illegality Inapplicable to Trafficked Nigerian Woman’s Discrimination Claim Says Supreme Court

Hounga v Allen & Anor [2014] UKSC 47 (30 July 2014) “A small claim generates an important point”, said the Supreme Court in this intriguing case regarding the circumstances in which the defence of illegality should defeat a complaint by … Continue reading

Posted in Council of Europe, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Employment, Human Trafficking, International Law | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

CJEU: The Concept of a Formally Limited Residence Permit

State Secretary van Justitie v Mangat Singh [2012] EUECJ C-502/10 (18 October 2012) As explained in recitals 25 and 26 of its preamble, Directive 2003/109/EC (“the directive”), concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents, does not apply … Continue reading

Posted in Cases, CJEU, Employment, European Union | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Points-based system, switching, etcetera

From July onwards last year Tier 1 (Post-Study Work) visa holders began to face difficulties in switching into Tier 2 (General) because it became virtually impossible to get the UKBA to grant new CoS in the £20,000–£23,999.99 salary band. New … Continue reading

Posted in Employment, Immigration Cap, Immigration Rules, JCWI, Pankina, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2, UKSC, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Latest immigration statistics

Overview The latest statistical bulletin produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) on immigration is a very telling document. In its latest publication the ONS has observed that: In the year to September 2010 the overall number of entry … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Employment, Enforcement, ONS, PBS, Removals | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

April rules

The government has exempted niche professions such as bankers, lawyers and other migrants with high earnings from its immigration cap ( but only if they earn in excess of £150,000 per annum). This is redolent of the top-tier of the … Continue reading

Posted in AP (Russia), Employment, Immigration Rules, Pankina, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2 | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Economics of the Post Study Work visa

British educational institutions such as the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) are resisting the government’s plans to delete the PSW visa category from the immigration rules. It has been acknowledged by the Immigration Minister Mr Damian Green that … Continue reading

Posted in AP (Russia), Article 8, Employment, Immigration Rules, Post Study Work, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

Immigration cap declared unlawful by High Court

In the High Court Lord Justice Sullivan and Mr Justice Burton have declared that Mrs Theresa May unlawfully side-steped Parliamentary scrutiny when setting the limits to Tiers 1 and 2 which she introduced in July 2010. Since Sedley LJ  restored constitutional order in … Continue reading

Posted in AP (Russia), Employment, Immigration Cap, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Tier 1, Tier 2 | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment