Category Archives: Automatic Deportation

Court of Appeal interprets section 117D(2) of the NIAA 2002

Mahmood, R (on the application of) v Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) & Ors [2020] EWCA Civ 717 (05 June 2020) The Court of Appeal has held that when determining whether a person had been convicted of an offence … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Judicial Review, Settlement, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Black British’: Nigerian criminal wins in Court of Appeal 

CI (Nigeria) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 2027 (22 November 2019)  The Court of Appeal allowed a Nigerian criminal’s appeal after considering the scope and proper application of “Exception 1” to deportation set … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, Culture, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Permanent Residence, Tribunals, UKSC, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Jamaican father of six British children loses in Court of Appeal 

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v PG (Jamaica) [2019] EWCA Civ 1213 (11 July 2019) This is another tale of a father with six British children who lost his case in the Court of Appeal. Floyd, Hickinbottom … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Rules, Jamaica, Public Interest, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Pakistani father of six British children loses deportation appeal 

MA (Pakistan) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1252 (18 July 2019) In this case with striking facts, the Court of Appeal upheld decisions made by the First-tier Tribunal and Upper Tribunal in relation to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, Public Interest | Leave a comment

Paposhvili and precedent: SCD patient loses in Court of Appeal 

Secretary of State for the Home Department v PF (Nigeria) [2019] EWCA Civ 1139 (04 July 2019) In the case of “PF”, a Nigerian father who was suffering from sickle cell disease (“SCD”) from birth but who was a “foreign criminal”, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Public Interest, Settlement, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Jamaican drug dealer beats Home Office in Court of Appeal

The Secretary of State for the Home Department v JG (Jamaica) [2019] EWCA Civ 982 (12 June 2019) The Court of Appeal has held that FTTJ Burnett had been entitled to hold that the deportation of a Jamaican citizen (JC) … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Tribunals, UKBA 2007 | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Seven Year Rule: Child-Centred Decision By Supreme Court

KO (Nigeria) & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent) [2018] UKSC 53 (24 October 2018) The Supreme Court unanimously dismissed these appeals. But thankfully Lord Carnwath’s meticulous judgment clarified wide-ranging misconceptions in the courts below regarding … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, Deception, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, s 55 BCIA, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal: ‘Indiscriminate Methods of Warfare’ in Gaza

MI (Palestine) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1782 (31 July 2018) Holding that it is sufficiently arguable that the situation in Gaza is attributable to direct and indirect actions of parties to the conflict … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Egypt, Gaza, Israel, Palestine, Persecution, Politics, Somalia, Terrorism, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Brexit and the EU Settlement Scheme

As if Appendix FM and its sinister siblings were not enough, soon free movement law will interact with the Immigration Rules in the form of Appendix EU so as to implement settled status for EU citizens and their family members. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Enhanced Protection, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Undue Harshness and the Public Interest in Deportation

IT (Jamaica) involves the important issue of the weight to be given to the public interest when considering whether a refusal to revoke a deportation order against a foreign criminal would be “unduly harsh” on his British citizen child within the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, ECHR, European Union, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Jamaica, Proportionality, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Parental Conduct and the Seven Year Rule

NS (Sri Lanka) and Ors concerns whether section 117B(6) of the 2002 Act permits parental conduct to be taken into account when answering the vexing question of the reasonableness of expecting a child with seven years’ residence to leave the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Misconduct, Nigeria, Post Study Work, Proportionality, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, Sri Lanka, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Reasonableness and the Seven Year Rule

Seven years’ residence is seen as a magical milestone in immigration law. The revised Immigration Rules introduced in 2012 and subsequent statutory innovations in the Immigration Act 2014 revived a redundant non-statutory concessionary policy that the seven years’ benchmark should … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

‘Systemic Failure’: Second Appeals and Indemnity Costs

Secretary of State for the Home Department v Barry [2018] EWCA Civ 790 (17 April 2018) This is another addition to Singh LJ’s expanding collection of heads. The new specimen is a Home Office scalp and it rather shamefully involves … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Costs, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Extradition, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Misconduct, Politics, Proportionality, Racism, Tribunals, UKSC, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Drug Dealing and Deportation: No Sympathy in Strasbourg for Settled Nigerian Criminal

Ndidi v United Kingdom – 41215/14 (Article 8 – Expulsion – Nigeria) [2017] ECHR 781 (14 September 2017) Nicknamed “Bruiser” for “roughing up” his minions in the underworld of drug dealing, Ifeanyi Chukwu Ndidi, a Nigerian, entered the UK aged … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, ECHR, Human Rights, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Legal Aid, Nigeria, Proportionality, Public Interest, Refugee Convention, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Deportation in Advance of Appeal is Unlawful

R (Kiarie and Byndloss) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] UKSC 42 (14 June 2017) In 2013, as home secretary, Theresa May pledged to her party that foreign criminals with outstanding appeals would no longer be permitted … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Citizens Directive, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Judicial Review, Legal Aid, Ministry of Justice, Neuberger PSC, Proportionality, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Case Preview: Kiarie and Byndloss v SSHD

After a raft of cases on the “foreign criminal” theme – such as Nouazli [2016] UKSC 16, Johnson [2016] UKSC 56, Makhlouf [2016] UKSC 59 and Hesham Ali [2016] UKSC 60 – were decided last year, Kiarie and Byndloss (Appellants) … Continue reading

Posted in Africa, Appeals, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Deportation, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Jamaica, Judicial Review, Kenya, Public Interest, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Children’s Rights Are Not Passports Against Deportation

Makhlouf v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Northern Ireland) [2016] UKSC 59 (16 November 2016) Makhlouf entered the UK in 1997 as the spouse of settled person and was granted indefinite leave to remain in 1999. He was … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Supreme Court: Iraqi Criminal’s Appeal Dismissed

Hesham Ali v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] UKSC 60 (16 November 2016) The linked cases of Hesham Ali (an Iraqi) and Zouhair Ben Belacum Makhlouf (a Tunisian) concern the contentious theme of foreign criminals. Lord Neuberger, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Iraq, Proportionality, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Automatic Citizenship Defeats Automatic Deportation

R (Johnson) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] UKSC 56 (19 October 2016) Recently in Bancoult (No 2) [2016] UKSC 35, Lady Hale dissented and dissected the rivaling theories of liberal imperialism (concentrating on good governance) and … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Miller, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Blues for Zambrano: CS (Morocco) and Rendón Marín

In Zambrano (C‑34/09, EU:C:2011:124) the CJEU caused a stir by insisting that national law was incapable of depriving EU citizens of the genuine enjoyment of the substance of the rights granted by Union citizenship. Thereafter, in a series of judgments, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Deportation, European Union, Refugee Convention | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment