Category Archives: PBS

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules CP 232

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules CP 232 of 14 May 2020 makes a raft of changes to the Immigration Rules which will take effect on 4 June and 24 August. Some changes are being made to the Immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

“Open for business”: Analysis of the UK’s new PBS 

An “Australian-style points-based system” (new PBS) to control immigration was one of six guarantees given by Boris Johnson to “get Brexit done in January and unleash the potential of our whole country.” The new PBS is the cornerstone of the UK’s post-Brexit immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, COVID-19, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Politics, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Upper Tribunal demands adherence to proper standards of appellate advocacy

Das (paragraph 276B – s3C – application validity) Bangladesh [2019] UKUT 354 (IAC) (8 October 2019)  This case makes a variety of points about the validity of immigration applications, the enjoyment of statutorily extended leave under section 3C of the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, ECHR, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Notices, PBS, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Home Office sticks to its guns on paragraph 322(5)

In Balajigari [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (discussed here), the Court of Appeal held that the use of paragraph 322(5) of the Immigration Rules in the cases of highly skilled Tier 1 (General) migrants (T1GMs) was “legally flawed” because SSHD decision-makers … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Appendix V, Court of Appeal, Deception, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and the Euro TLR Scheme 

After being installed as Home Secretary, Priti Patel, pounced on the opportunity to declare that free movement would end with a no-deal Brexit on 31 October 2019. She then made a u-turn. But her misguided comments caused a surge in … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Law, MAC, PBS, Settlement | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal takes a strict stance on adducing new evidence to the Upper Tribunal

Kabir v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1162 (09 July 2019) On the topic of fresh evidence (in the context of deception, false documents, bank statements) the Court of Appeal has held that the … Continue reading

Posted in Bangladesh, Bank Accounts, Banks, Court of Appeal, Deception, Entrepreneurs, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal says ‘kitchen-sink’ approach to the citation of authorities is ‘wholly illegitimate’

Kaur v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1101 (1 July 2019) Dismissing a Tier 4 (General) student’s appeal, the Court of Appeal has held that it is “wholly illegitimate” for legal representatives to cite … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Culture, Hostile Environment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, PBS, Removals, Students, Tier 4, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Tier 2 (General) and ‘genuine vacancy’: Court of Appeal holds that irrational PBS refusal should be quashed 

R (Suny) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1019 (19 June 2019) Irwin and Underhill LJJ recently held that the refusal of leave to remain under Tier 2 (General) to a Bangladeshi migrant could … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, Economy, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Tier 2, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal holds that a ‘director’s loan’ does not have a specialist meaning in Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) applications

R (Sajjad) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 720 (17 April 2019) In a Pakistani businessman’s appeal against the dismissal of his application for judicial review against the refusal of his application for further leave … Continue reading

Posted in Business, Companies Act 2006, Court of Appeal, Entrepreneurs, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, PBS, Tier 1, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Paragraph 322(5) and Tier 1 (General): Home Office policy of refusing ILR in earnings discrepancy cases is ‘legally flawed’

Balajigari v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (16 April 2019) In a complex judgment, the Court of Appeal has held that the ongoing use of paragraph 322(5) of the Immigration Rules in the cases … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1, Tribunals, UKSC, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Scottish Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

Oji (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] CSOH 127 The petitioner, or claimant, Mr Collins Oji was a Nigerian national who applied for indefinite leave to remain (ILR) on 19 February 2016 along with his dependent … Continue reading

Posted in False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Nigeria, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Scotland, Tier 1, Working | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ticking the Fee Box: Crucial Guidance on Authorising Payment and Validity of Immigration Applications

Kousar & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2462 (07 November 2018) Giving guidance on the scope of the earlier Basnet [2012] UKUT 113 (IAC) principle concerning the rejection of applications as invalid, the Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Court of Appeal, Families, Immigration Rules, Pakistan, PBS, Proportionality, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Court of Appeal on Substantive and Procedural Fairness

Pathan & Islam v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2103 (02 October 2018) Fairness in official decision-making is an important virtue in public law. Dismissing the judicial review claim involving Tier 2 (General) of the … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Economy, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Post Study Work, Students, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Tier 1 (General): Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

Cases in the Tier 1 (General) category present an outrage because we would not really expect highly skilled migrants to be punished for being honest by paying their taxes. Similarly, we would also not expect migrants who add value to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Cases, ECHR, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Misconduct, Pakistan, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Post Study Work, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tier 1, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC 1154

Interestingly, by virtue of Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC 1154, the Home Office claims to extend its commitment to protect and support the most vulnerable people while simultaneously purporting to encourage highly talented students and workers to remain … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Children, Exceptional Talent, Financial Services, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Investors, PBS, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Emerging Trends in Investor Visas

Despite Donald J Trump’s best efforts to appease the Kremlin, relations could not be any worse between Russia and the West. The full reach of Moscow’s meddling is obvious from the fact that Arron Banks, Brexit’s bankroller, has rather nefarious … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix V, Brexit, Business, Economy, Entry Clearance, European Union, Immigration Rules, Investors, Israel, Palestine, PBS, Politics, Settlement, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , | 1 Comment

Inherent Jurisdiction: Article 8 and Adoption

W v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] EWHC 1733 (Fam) (07 July 2017) Nigerians are automatically associated with corruption and deception. The magnitude of the problem is such that even honest citizens of Nigeria – who … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Children, Dependants, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Families, Immigration Rules, Inherent Jurisdiction, PBS | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Supreme Court Dismisses Section 3C Appeals

R (Mirza & Ors) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] UKSC 63 (14 December 2016) The provisions of the Immigration Act 1971 have haunted the courts for a number of years. Earlier cases such as Alvi and … Continue reading

Posted in Biometrics, Court of Appeal, Fees, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, PBS, Students, Tier 1, Tier 4, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

Analysis: Immigration Act 2016

A hostile environment hitting wrongdoing from every angle has been in the making for a long time. The Immigration Act 2016 builds on the foundations laid by the “flagship” Immigration Act 2014. The public tends to view foreigners as stealing local … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Brexit, Children, Deportation, ECHR, Economy, Employment, Enforcement, European Union, Fees, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Islam, PBS, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

MAC Skewers Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visas

The home secretary’s advisers – the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) – have found that the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) visa route under the Points-Based System (PBS) is being used by “low quality businesses”. MAC, which consists of a publicly appointed chairman … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Economy, Employment, Entrepreneurs, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment