Category Archives: Tier 4

Court of Appeal clarifies giving of curtailment notices

R (Alam) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1527 (16 November 2020)  The Court of Appeal dismissed the appeals of Mr Masud Alam and Mr Masud Rana who had both appealed against the refusal of … Continue reading

Posted in Bangladesh, Court of Appeal, Curtailment, Judicial Review, Notices, Tier 4, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Inaccessible new Immigration Rules are not “good law”

The Home Secretary, Priti Patel has gleefully announced “After many years of campaigning, I am delighted the Immigration Bill which will end free movement on 31st December has today passed through Parliament. We are delivering on the will of the … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appendix Continuous Residence, Appendix Finance, Appendix Shortage Occupation Lists, Appendix Skilled Worker, Court of Appeal, Global Talent, Immigration Act 2020, Immigration Rules, Overstaying, PBS, Settlement, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal rebukes poor drafting of Immigration Rules

Hoque & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1357 (22 October 2020) The Court of Appeal has deeply criticised the “labyrinthine structure” and “idiosyncratic drafting” of the the Immigration Rules and “the confused language … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Bangladesh, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Education, Immigration Rules, Long Residence, Overstaying, Pakistan, Settlement, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, Tribunals, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

“Open for business”: Analysis of the UK’s new PBS 

An “Australian-style points-based system” (new PBS) to control immigration was one of six guarantees given by Boris Johnson to “get Brexit done in January and unleash the potential of our whole country.” The new PBS is the cornerstone of the UK’s post-Brexit immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, COVID-19, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Politics, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal reopens appeal to avoid real injustice

Singh v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1504 (22 August 2019) Hickinbottom LJ recently granted an application pursuant to rule 52.30 of the Civil Procedure Rules and allowed an Indian national’s appeal. His Lordship … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Public Interest, Tier 4, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal says ‘kitchen-sink’ approach to the citation of authorities is ‘wholly illegitimate’

Kaur v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 1101 (1 July 2019) Dismissing a Tier 4 (General) student’s appeal, the Court of Appeal has held that it is “wholly illegitimate” for legal representatives to cite … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Culture, Hostile Environment, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, PBS, Removals, Students, Tier 4, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal gives important guidance on discretion and exceptional circumstances

R (Prathipati) v SSHD (Discretion – Exceptional Circumstances) [2018] UKUT 427 (IAC) (26 October 2018) A self-representing applicant for judicial review who in the Upper Tribunal’s view “represented herself with eloquence and courtesy”, Mrs Prathipati triumphed against the government’s junior counsel … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Cases, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

The Court of Appeal on Substantive and Procedural Fairness

Pathan & Islam v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2103 (02 October 2018) Fairness in official decision-making is an important virtue in public law. Dismissing the judicial review claim involving Tier 2 (General) of the … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Economy, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Post Study Work, Students, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC 1154

Interestingly, by virtue of Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC 1154, the Home Office claims to extend its commitment to protect and support the most vulnerable people while simultaneously purporting to encourage highly talented students and workers to remain … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Children, Exceptional Talent, Financial Services, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Investors, PBS, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Supreme Court Dismisses Section 3C Appeals

R (Mirza & Ors) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] UKSC 63 (14 December 2016) The provisions of the Immigration Act 1971 have haunted the courts for a number of years. Earlier cases such as Alvi and … Continue reading

Posted in Biometrics, Court of Appeal, Fees, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, PBS, Students, Tier 1, Tier 4, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | 2 Comments

Supreme Court Allows Evidential Flexibility Appeal

On 14 October 2015, a generous Supreme Court allowed four appeals in as many judgments. In Gohil [2015] UKSC 61 and Sharland [2015] UKSC 60, among other things, “opening the floodgates” the court held that Varsha Gohil and Alison Sharland … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Immigration Rules, Legitimate Expectation, PBS, Students, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Evidential Flexibility’ in Supreme Court

Imagine that you made a mistake in your immigration application but were later able to fix the problem because of the “evidential flexibility” policy. This issue has vexed both litigants and the courts for quite some time now. On appeal … Continue reading

Posted in Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, India, PBS, s 19 UKBA 2007, Students, Tier 4, Tribunals | Tagged , , , | 4 Comments

Kaleidoscopic Changes in Immigration Rules Continue

Statement of Changes in Immigration Rules HC1025 brings further kaleidoscopic changes to the existing abyss of legal nonsense surrounding visas for the UK. Ahead of the impending general election, some unwitting politicians are demanding an “Australian style points-based system” of … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Asylum, Children, ECHR, Entrepreneurs, Exceptional Talent, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, Visitors | Tagged , , , | 2 Comments

Students: Appeal Rights Arise From Statute, Not By Fiat

R (Ahmed) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2015] EWHC 23 (Admin) (15 January 2015) Subsequent to imposing an entry clearance ban on Mehmooda Begum for her brother’s “deception”, in this Tier 4 (General) case involving London … Continue reading

Posted in Cases, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, PBS, Students, Tier 4 | Tagged , | 1 Comment

Immigration Act 2014: Cutover to Appeals Provisions

Apart from kicking off a raft of other twisted provisions, the Immigration Act 2014 (Commencement No. 3, Transitional and Saving Provisions) Order 2014 (SI 2014/2711, “the Order”) makes provision for partial commencement of the not so eagerly awaited appeals provisions … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Asylum, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, PBS, Tier 4 | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

A Tale Of Two Colleges: Supreme Court Upholds Sponsorship Guidance But Questions The Immigration Act’s Efficacy

New London College Ltd, R (on the application of) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2013] UKSC 51 (17 July 2013)  Only a year sets the R (Alvi) v SSHD [2012] UKSC 33 and R (New London College … Continue reading

Posted in Education, Immigration Rules, Pankina, PBS, Sedley LJ, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and Kafka: Students under Chikwamba

Secretary of State for the Home Department v Hayat (Pakistan) [2012] EWCA Civ 1054 (31 July 2012) The question where an article 8 claim should be made often arises? At times this is a hard question to answer but the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, Pankina, PBS, Tier 4 | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

President Blake blasts postal payments

Basnet (validity of application – respondent) Nepal [2012] UKUT 113 (IAC) (04 April 2012) A very large number of immigration applications are made in the post. In this important case the Upper Tribunal (President Blake and Judge Macleman) found that … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Cases, Dependants, Fees, Notices, Students, Tier 4, Tribunals | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

April changes to points-based system

The Immigration Rules are changed all the time. No part of the rules has been varied as much as the points-based system (PBS). The purpose of the PBS was to harmonise the old rules which brought about its creation. Yet, … Continue reading

Posted in Immigration Rules, PBS, Post Study Work, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4 | Tagged , , | 3 Comments

Court of Appeal wants “common sense” in PBS

In Agubata v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2012] All ER (D) 151 (Jan) the Court of Appeal (Mummery, Etherton and Sullivan LJJ) delivered extempore judgment in a Tier 4 points-based system case on 26 January 2012. The case … Continue reading

Posted in Pankina, PBS, Students, Tier 4, Uncategorized | Tagged , , | Leave a comment