Tag Archives: Removals

Risk of FGM: A child’s welfare is paramount in the family court 

A (A Child) [2020] EWCA Civ 731 (15 June 2020)  Ryder, King and Hickinbottom LJJ have affirmed the decision of Sir Andrew McFarlane P [2019] EWHC 2475 (Fam) by holding that when a family court considers an application for a female … Continue reading

Posted in Africa, Asylum, Cases, Children, Court of Appeal, Family Court, Female Genital Mutilation, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, s 55 BCIA, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal confirms £1 flat rate of pay in IRCs is lawful 

Badmus & Ors, R (On the Application Of) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 657 (20 May 2020) Sir Terence Etherton MR and Hickinbottom and Simler LJJ have determined in these proceedings that the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 4, Article 8, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, Employment, IRCs, Judicial Review, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Windrush was avoidable but justice is still being denied

When the Windrush scandal began to surface in 2017, a lot of right wing people argued that the black community and investigative journalists were deliberately blowing things out of proportion to cause problems for Theresa May’s crumbling premiership. Actually, it … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Article 8, COVID-19, Deportation, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Jamaica, Politics, Windrush | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal: Section 117B(6) of the NIAA 2002 requires a “fact-finding” approach

Runa v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 514 (08 April 2020)  In this appeal Singh LJ accepted, and Baker LJ and Cobb J concurred, the submission that section 117B(6) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Home Office sticks to its guns on paragraph 322(5)

In Balajigari [2019] EWCA Civ 673 (discussed here), the Court of Appeal held that the use of paragraph 322(5) of the Immigration Rules in the cases of highly skilled Tier 1 (General) migrants (T1GMs) was “legally flawed” because SSHD decision-makers … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Appendix V, Court of Appeal, Deception, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Settlement, Tier 1 | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Critical Perspectives on the EU Settlement Scheme

In London you constantly hear a foreign language in the background and foreign workers are in action everywhere. Most of all European people do jobs local people have little appetite for. Boris Johnson promised and guaranteed EU citizens “absolute certainty … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Enforcement, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Hostile Environment, Immigration Rules, Karachi, Netherlands, Permanent Residence, Politics, Settlement, Somalia | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Has Chavez-Vilchez altered the approach to derivative claims for residence in the UK?

Sarmiento and Sharpston view Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124), which caused a stir because of the substance of rights test, as a “high-water mark” in the CJEU’s jurisprudence. Thereafter, the court began to suffer from “citizenship exhaustion” and the “test was shelved … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Article 8, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, European Union, Families, Immigration Rules, Netherlands, Pakistan, Settlement, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Analysis of the Immigration and Social Security Co-ordination (EU Withdrawal) Bill

The crushing defeat suffered by Theresa May because of the rejection her Brexit Deal has left the UK in utter chaos. Uncertainty looms large in all spheres of UK life but the government is determined to carry through with Brexit … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Students, Windrush, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Court of Appeal holds that a ‘rolling review’ is acceptable

R (Spahiu) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2604 (28 November 2018) Adding to the vast expanse of technical judicial review litigation, this judgment concerns a protracted dispute between a failed asylum-seeker and the Home … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Court of Appeal, Culture, ECHR, Judicial Review, Removals, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and Private Life: Supreme Court Confirms Bright-line Interpretation of ‘Precarious’ in Section 117B(5) of NIAA 2002

Rhuppiah v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] UKSC 58 (14 November 2018) In interpreting the meaning of “precarious” in section 117B(5) of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (as amended), whereby little weight should be given to … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Precariousness, Proportionality, Settlement, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Article 8 and Paposhvili: Guidance in GS (India) is Correct

SL (St Lucia) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1894 (07 August 2018) The important judgment in Paposhvili v Belgium [2016] ECHR 1113 caused quite a stir when it was delivered. However, its effects … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Court of Appeal, Immigration Rules, Medical Cases, Precariousness, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Court of Appeal: ‘Indiscriminate Methods of Warfare’ in Gaza

MI (Palestine) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1782 (31 July 2018) Holding that it is sufficiently arguable that the situation in Gaza is attributable to direct and indirect actions of parties to the conflict … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Egypt, Gaza, Israel, Palestine, Persecution, Politics, Somalia, Terrorism, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Article 8 After Agyarko: The Correct Approach

TZ (Pakistan) and PG (India) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1109 (17 May 2018) These appeals were heard after the Supreme Court’s decision in R (Agyarko) [2017] UKSC 11 (see here) which made it … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, India, Pakistan, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

Parental Conduct and the Seven Year Rule

NS (Sri Lanka) and Ors concerns whether section 117B(6) of the 2002 Act permits parental conduct to be taken into account when answering the vexing question of the reasonableness of expecting a child with seven years’ residence to leave the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Misconduct, Nigeria, Post Study Work, Proportionality, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, Sri Lanka, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Medical Cases: Asylum, Torture and EU Law

Case C-353/16 MP (Sri Lanka) v SSHD (ECLI:EU:C:2017:795) In this reference, the Supreme Court asked the CJEU to rule on the question whether a third country national, who had been tortured in the past but will not be tortured upon return, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Asylum, CFR, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, International Law, Persecution, Refugee Convention, Removals, Sri Lanka, Statelessness, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Seven Year Rule: ‘Powerful Reasons’ Approach Confirmed

MT & ET (Child’s Best Interests: Ex Tempore Pilot) Nigeria [2018] UKUT 88(IAC) (1 February 2018) The president Peter Lane J has reconfirmed Elias LJ’s doctrine in MA (Pakistan) & Ors [2016] EWCA Civ 705 (see here) that “powerful reasons” are … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Asylum, Children, ECHR, Judges, Nigeria, Proportionality, Students, Tribunals, UKSC, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

‘Nothing Irrational’ about Abolishing Appeal Rights in Domestic Violence Cases

R (on the application of AT) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2017] EWHC 2589 (Admin) (18 October 2017) These judicial review proceedings relate to appeal rights in a hostile environment, domestic violence and indefinite leave to remain … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Article 2, Article 3, Article 8, Domestic Violence, ECHR, Forced marriage, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Pakistan, Settlement | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Zambrano Carers: ‘Benefits Tourism’ and EU Law

The right to care is not an express function of the EU Treaties or the law of freedom of movement. Yet under case law even a non-EU citizen primary carer can claim a right of residence on the basis of … Continue reading

Posted in Article 14, Article 8, Brexit, CFR, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, Judges, Judicial Review, Miller, Neuberger PSC, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Free Movement and Deportation: Nonjudicial Restrictions on the Right to Work are Lawful

R (Lauzikas) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWHC 3215 (Admin) (16 December 2016) Like countless other European citizens, the Lithuanian claimant, Lauzikas, came to the UK to work the construction industry. He entered the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, Employment, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Notices, Proportionality, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Children and the Seven Year Itch

R (MA (Pakistan) & Ors) v UTIAC & Anor [2016] EWCA Civ 705 (07 July 2016) The divergence of views on what is or is not important about the 7-year rule means that nothing really makes sense anymore. Unsurprisingly, there … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment