Category Archives: Brexit

Local authority can apply for EUSS settled status for children in care without court approval

W and Re Z (EU Settled Status for Looked After Children) [2021] EWHC 783 (Fam) (31 March 2021)  In these proceedings the court was required to determine whether local authorities needed its authorisation to apply for immigration status or passports … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Children, European Union, EUSS, Family Court, Free Movement, Settled Status, Settlement, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Abduction and asylum: Supreme Court holds child named on parent’s asylum application is protected from refoulement

G v G [2021] UKSC 9 (19 March 2021)  The Supreme Court has held that a child named as a dependant on her parent’s asylum claim who could objectively be understood to have made a request for international protection had … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Asylum, Brexit, Child Abduction, High Court, Immigration Rules, Refugee Convention, South Africa, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

No further “exceptional circumstances” test for Zambrano carers in deportation cases

Robinson (Jamaica) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] UKSC 53 (16 December 2020)  This appeal raised the issue whether a third-country national (TCN) otherwise benefiting from the derivative right to reside within EU territory pursuant to the … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, CFR, Children, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Jamaica, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Home Office is failing potential victims of human trafficking

DA & Ors v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWHC 3080 (Admin) (13 November 2020)  In judicial review proceedings brought by an Eritrean and two Sudanese nationals who claimed to be victims of human trafficking, Fordham J held that … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Arrivals, Article 3, Asylum, Brexit, Detention, Eritrea, Human Trafficking, Judicial Review, Libya, Modern Slavery, Removals, Sudan | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal: An extended family member must demonstrate continuous dependency on the sponsor

Chowdhury (Extended family members: dependency) [2020] UKUT 188 (IAC) (29 April 2020)  The appellant, Mr Chowdhury, was a Bangladeshi national who tried to enter the UK as a student with entry clearance for three years. Upon interview at immigration control … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Bangladesh, Brexit, CFR, Citizens Directive, CJEU, EUSS, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

“Open for business”: Analysis of the UK’s new PBS 

An “Australian-style points-based system” (new PBS) to control immigration was one of six guarantees given by Boris Johnson to “get Brexit done in January and unleash the potential of our whole country.” The new PBS is the cornerstone of the UK’s post-Brexit immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, COVID-19, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Politics, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Zambrano carers: The test of compulsion is a practical test

Patel v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] UKSC 59 (16 December 2019) Addressing the scope of the substance of rights test devised in Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124), whereby a non-member state national (or a third country national “TCN”) … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Article 8, Brexit, CFR, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Human Rights, Settlement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Immigration (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

The Immigration (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 are made in exercise of the powers conferred by section 8(1) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (“the 2018 Act”), in order to address deficiencies in retained EU law arising from withdrawal … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, European Union, EUSS, Permanent Residence | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Changes in the Immigration Rules: Key Features of HC170

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules HC 170 amends the Immigration Rules to reflect changes required if the UK leaves the EU without a deal. The changes affect EU, other EEA and Swiss citizens, and their family members. In order … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Crime, Deportation, European Union, EUSS, Families, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Spouses, Turkey | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit: Analysis of Miller and Cherry in Supreme Court

R (Miller/Cherry) v The Prime Minister [2019] UKSC 41 (24 September 2019)  These proceedings concerned a “one-off” issue arising in circumstances unseen in history and unlikely to arise again. The Supreme Court was cautious to emphasise at the outset that these … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Cases, Court of Appeal, European Union, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Judges, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Miller, Parliament, Politics, Prerogative, Rule of law, Sedley LJ, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

HC 2631 and the EU Settlement Scheme 

Statement of Changes to the Immigration Rules HC 2631, presented to Parliament on 9 September 2019, makes a raft of changes and it makes revised provision for access to the EU Settlement Scheme (or the “EUSS”) until 29 March 2022 … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Immigration Rules | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and the Euro TLR Scheme 

After being installed as Home Secretary, Priti Patel, pounced on the opportunity to declare that free movement would end with a no-deal Brexit on 31 October 2019. She then made a u-turn. But her misguided comments caused a surge in … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Law, MAC, PBS, Settlement | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Critical Perspectives on the EU Settlement Scheme

In London you constantly hear a foreign language in the background and foreign workers are in action everywhere. Most of all European people do jobs local people have little appetite for. Boris Johnson promised and guaranteed EU citizens “absolute certainty … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Enforcement, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Hostile Environment, Immigration Rules, Karachi, Netherlands, Permanent Residence, Politics, Settlement, Somalia | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Free Movement and Kafala: CJEU Judgment in SM (Algeria)

SM (Enfant place sous kafala algerienne) (Citizenship of the European Union – “Direct descendant” – Judgment) (C-129/18, EU:C:2019:248) The CJEU has confirmed AG Campos Sánchez-Bordona’s opinion that a child in the guardianship of an EU citizen under the kafala system … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Brexit, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, ECOs, Entry Clearance, European Union, Families, Free Movement, Guardianship, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal confirms that there is no retrospective right of residence for extended family members

Kunwar (EFM – calculating periods of residence) [2019] UKUT 63 (IAC) (28 December 2018) The Home Office won this appeal because of the effects of the Court of Appeal’s judgment in Macastena [2018] EWCA Civ 1558 (discussed here) whereby it … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Free Movement, Permanent Residence | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

An Alternative to Brexit: The Judgment in Wightman

Wightman and Others v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (C-621/18, EU:C:2018:999, 10 December 2018) Brexit is a big mess. It is “a powerful acid” and is a huge economic and bureaucratic nightmare. Going through with it in … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Cases, CJEU, European Union, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Scotland, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Analysis of the Immigration and Social Security Co-ordination (EU Withdrawal) Bill

The crushing defeat suffered by Theresa May because of the rejection her Brexit Deal has left the UK in utter chaos. Uncertainty looms large in all spheres of UK life but the government is determined to carry through with Brexit … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Students, Windrush, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Brexit and the UK’s future immigration system

The spectre of crashing out of the EU without a deal is sending jitters across the UK. Events have clearly shown that holding a snap poll on immigration failed to do justice to the true merits of EU membership. Last … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, Immigration Rules, Politics, Tier 1, Tier 2, UKSC, Windrush, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Brexit and Appendix EU: Changes to the Immigration Rules

In his recent opinion in R O (C‑327/18 PPU, EU:C:2018:644), Advocate General Szpunar lamented that “we know that we know next to nothing about the future legal relationship between the EU and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Employment, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Politics, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Banger: EFMs are Covered by Surinder Singh

In Banger (C-89/17, EU:C:2018:570), the CJEU recently held that the historic decision in Surinder Singh (C-370/90, EU:C:1992:296) applies to an extended family member (EFM) and where an EU citizen returns to his member state of origin it must facilitate the … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, Free Movement, OFMs, Permanent Residence, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment