Category Archives: Nigeria

Proof, expert evidence and credibility in trafficking cases

MN v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1746 (21 December 2020)  The Court of Appeal has decided that the two-stage procedure provided for by the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) to determine whether a person is … Continue reading

Posted in Article 4, Council of Europe, Court of Appeal, ECAT, ECHR, European Union, Expert Evidence, Female Genital Mutilation, Forced marriage, Human Trafficking, Judicial Review, Nigeria, Slavery, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Strasbourg finds Nigerian man’s deportation violated article 8

Unuane v United Kingdom – 80343/17 [2020] ECHR 832 (24 November 2020)  In the case of Mr Unuane, a Nigerian national, who had been deported from the UK after a conviction for offences relating to falsification of immigration documents, the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, ECtHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

“Unduly harsh” and “very compelling circumstances”: Court of Appeal signals simplified approach in deportation cases

AA (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1296 (9 October 2020)  The Court of Appeal has yet again examined KO (Nigeria) v SSHD [2018] UKSC 53, discussed here, and the meaning of “unduly harsh” and … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Proportionality, Public Interest, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Black British’: Nigerian criminal wins in Court of Appeal 

CI (Nigeria) v The Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] EWCA Civ 2027 (22 November 2019)  The Court of Appeal allowed a Nigerian criminal’s appeal after considering the scope and proper application of “Exception 1” to deportation set … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Asylum, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, Culture, Deportation, ECHR, Families, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Permanent Residence, Tribunals, UKSC, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Paposhvili and precedent: SCD patient loses in Court of Appeal 

Secretary of State for the Home Department v PF (Nigeria) [2019] EWCA Civ 1139 (04 July 2019) In the case of “PF”, a Nigerian father who was suffering from sickle cell disease (“SCD”) from birth but who was a “foreign criminal”, … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Public Interest, Settlement, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Scottish Perspectives on Paragraph 322(5) and ILR

Oji (Nigeria) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] CSOH 127 The petitioner, or claimant, Mr Collins Oji was a Nigerian national who applied for indefinite leave to remain (ILR) on 19 February 2016 along with his dependent … Continue reading

Posted in False Statements and Misrepresentations, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Nigeria, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Scotland, Tier 1, Working | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Standard of Proof for Statelessness is Balance of Probabilities

AS (Guinea) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 2234 (12 October 2018) The Court of Appeal has held that those asserting that they are stateless need to prove their case on the balance of probabilities. … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Eritrea, Ethiopia, European Union, Immigration Rules, Nationality, Nigeria, Palestine, Persecution, Proportionality, Public Interest, Refugee Convention, South Africa, Statelessness, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Parental Conduct and the Seven Year Rule

NS (Sri Lanka) and Ors concerns whether section 117B(6) of the 2002 Act permits parental conduct to be taken into account when answering the vexing question of the reasonableness of expecting a child with seven years’ residence to leave the … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Families, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Misconduct, Nigeria, Post Study Work, Proportionality, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, Sri Lanka, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Seven Year Rule: ‘Powerful Reasons’ Approach Confirmed

MT & ET (Child’s Best Interests: Ex Tempore Pilot) Nigeria [2018] UKUT 88(IAC) (1 February 2018) The president Peter Lane J has reconfirmed Elias LJ’s doctrine in MA (Pakistan) & Ors [2016] EWCA Civ 705 (see here) that “powerful reasons” are … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, Asylum, Children, ECHR, Judges, Nigeria, Proportionality, Students, Tribunals, UKSC, Women | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Drug Dealing and Deportation: No Sympathy in Strasbourg for Settled Nigerian Criminal

Ndidi v United Kingdom – 41215/14 (Article 8 – Expulsion – Nigeria) [2017] ECHR 781 (14 September 2017) Nicknamed “Bruiser” for “roughing up” his minions in the underworld of drug dealing, Ifeanyi Chukwu Ndidi, a Nigerian, entered the UK aged … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, ECHR, Human Rights, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Immigration Rules, Judges, Judicial Review, Legal Aid, Nigeria, Proportionality, Public Interest, Refugee Convention, s 55 BCIA, Settlement, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Sub-optimal’ Supplementary Decision Letters Are Lawful

Caroopen & Myrie v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWCA Civ 1307 (20 December 2016) The use of supplementary decision letters is widespread in immigration judicial review. They are used in various situations in order to cure … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Rules, Jamaica, Judicial Review, Nigeria, Tribunals, Visitors | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

‘Unduly Harsh’ is an Ordinary English Expression

MM (Uganda) & Anor v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWCA Civ 450 (20 April 2016) These proceedings are about two foreign criminals, a drug dealer (MM, a Ugandan) and a fraudster (KO, a Nigerian). They pour … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Children, Court of Appeal, Crime, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Uganda | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Supreme Court on Detention, Deportation and Mental Illness

R (O) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] UKSC 19 (27 April 2016) Heaven knows: Yarl’s Wood IRC – the infamous British Gulag where pregnant women and children are locked up – may even make the likes … Continue reading

Posted in Article 5, Asylum, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, European Union, Immigration Act 2016, Judicial Review, Legal Aid, Nigeria, UKSC, Yarl's Wood IRC | Tagged , , , , , , | 3 Comments

‘New’ Article 8 Authorities Are Not Legislation

R (Esther Ebun Oludoyi & Ors) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Article 8 – MM (Lebanon) and Nagre) IJR [2014] UKUT 539 (IAC) (29 October 2014 ) This decision clarifies that judgments such as Nagre [2013] EWHC … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Proportionality, Removals | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Strike Three For New Rules: Part 2

Ogundimu (Article 8 – new rules) Nigeria [2013] UKUT 60 (IAC) (08 February 2013) SSHD’s Case It was maintained that paragraph A362, part 13 (deportation), of the rules defeated O’s Article 8 claim and, even though the decision was made more … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Proportionality, Removals | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Strike Three For New Rules: Part 1

Ogundimu (Article 8 – new rules) Nigeria [2013] UKUT 60 (IAC) (08 February 2013)  Nigeria – Africa’s most populous country – is spearheading the campaign against deportation and Ogundimu is the third case in a row where the judiciary has sent … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Crime, Human Rights Act, Nigeria, Settlement | Tagged , , | 3 Comments

Tribunal Unimpressed With New Rules Again: Part 2

Izuazu (Article 8 – new rules) Nigeria [2013] UKUT 45 (IAC) (30 January 2013) The UT explained that the SSHD “overstates the significance of the rule change” and the effects of this change on Article 8 decision making where judges … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Children, European Union, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Proportionality | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Tribunal Unimpressed With New Rules Again: Part 1

Izuazu (Article 8 – new rules) Nigeria [2013] UKUT 45 (IAC) (30 January 2013) Lately a plethora of immigration decisions have descended upon us. All this sensational case law makes awesome reading. But it is impossible to read it all. … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Cases, Immigration Rules, Nigeria, Proportionality, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Case Comment: SO (imprisonment breaks continuity of residence) Nigeria [2011] UKUT 164 (IAC)

In this case, the issue before the UTIAC was whether time spent in custody is to be counted in the five-year period which an applicant requires to qualify as the family member of an EEA national in order to acquire … Continue reading

Posted in Cases, Detention, European Union, Immigration Law, Nigeria, Sedley LJ, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Case Comment: FW v SSHD [2011] EWCA Civ 264

Lies and false statements in immigration applications are a common problem. Many a “clever” foreigner, often meritorious enough to qualify for the coveted Post Study Work visa, has fallen foul of the deception rules. It really isn’t a great idea … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Court of Appeal, European Union, False Statements, Frontex, Immigration Rules, Kenya, Nigeria, Post Study Work | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment