Category Archives: Citizens Directive

CJEU Cases and Changes to the EEA Regulations 2016

The Immigration (European Economic Area)(Amendment) Regulations 2018 amend the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016 in order to implement the effects of a string of judgments given by the CJEU. The new regulations come into force on 24 July 2018. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Article 8, Brexit, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Deportation, European Union, Families, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Permanent Residence, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Brexit and the EU Settlement Scheme

As if Appendix FM and its sinister siblings were not enough, soon free movement law will interact with the Immigration Rules in the form of Appendix EU so as to implement settled status for EU citizens and their family members. … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Appendix FM, Article 8, Automatic Deportation, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Enhanced Protection, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Permanent Residence, Proportionality, Public Interest, Settlement, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Free Movement: Home Office Softens its Stance on Retained Rights of Residence

Baigazieva v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2018] EWCA Civ 1088 (20 April 2018) In this case the Home Office extraordinarily conceded that for a third country national to retain residence rights in the UK under article 13(2)(a) … Continue reading

Posted in Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, Domestic Violence, European Union, Free Movement, OFMs, Pakistan, Permanent Residence, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

The Coman Case: Same-Sex Marriage and Free Movement Law

The CJEU has held that the term “spouse” within the meaning of the provisions of EU law on freedom of residence for EU citizens and members of their family includes spouses of the same sex. Despite the member states’ freedom to … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, CFR, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, ECHR, European Union, Free Movement, Spouses | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Citizens’ Directive: Permanent Residence is a Prerequisite of Eligibility for Enhanced Protection

B and Vomero, Joined Cases C‑316/16 and C‑424/16, ECLI:EU:C:2018:256 As discussed in an earlier post, B and Vomero provided the CJEU with a fresh opportunity to rectify earlier mistakes – chances that were allegedly “squandered” in the cases of Rendón Marín (C‑165/14, … Continue reading

Posted in CFR, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Deportation, European Union, Free Movement, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Permanent Residence, UKSC | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Appeal Rights and EFMs: The Opinion in Banger

AG Bobek’s Opinion, SSHD v Rozanne Banger C‑89/17, ECLI:EU:C:2018:225 Appeal rights in a hostile environment are a profoundly important question. In the case of Banger (Unmarried Partner of British National: South Africa) [2017] UKUT 125 (IAC) a series of questions were referred to … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Article 6, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, ECHR, Judicial Review, OFMs, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Supreme Court: Reference to CJEU on Kefalah Children

SM (Algeria) v Entry Clearance Officer, UK Visa Section [2018] UKSC 9 (14 February 2018) This appeal concerning legal guardianship under the Islamic “kefalah” system provided the Supreme Court the opportunity to refer three questions to the CJEU. The justices … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Algeria, Article 8, CFR, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Entry Clearance, European Union, Free Movement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment