Category Archives: ECHR

‘Insurmountable Obstacles’ and ‘Exceptional Circumstances’ Tests Approved by Supreme Court

Agyarko and Ikuga v SSHD [2017] UKSC 11 (22 February 2017) “Insurmountable obstacles” and “exceptional circumstances” are every day expressions in immigration law but their real meaning has eluded the cleverest of judges. These two cases provided the Supreme Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Children, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Enforcement, Entry Clearance, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Supreme Court: MIR is Lawful

MM (Lebanon) & Ors v SSHD and Anor [2017] UKSC 10 (22 February 2017) Victims of the dreaded Minimum Income Requirement must have preferred the first instance judgment when they enjoyed greater success before a single judge. Afterwards the Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 12, Article 14, Article 8, Children, ECHR, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, MIR, Proportionality, s 55 BCIA, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

‘Sub-optimal’ Supplementary Decision Letters Are Lawful

Caroopen & Myrie v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWCA Civ 1307 (20 December 2016) The use of supplementary decision letters is widespread in immigration judicial review. They are used in various situations in order to cure … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Children, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Immigration Rules, Jamaica, Judicial Review, Nigeria, Tribunals, Visitors | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Case Preview: SXH (Appellant) v CPS (Respondent)

SXH (Appellant) v CPS (Respondent) UKSC 2014/0148 relates to an asylum seeker who fled her native Somalia in 2008 because of suffering extreme sexual and physical violence and arrived in the UK in 2009 via Yemen and Holland. “SXH” hails … Continue reading

Posted in Africa, Agents, Article 8, Asylum, Crime, ECHR, Human Rights Act, Judicial Review, Somalia, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Overruling Kareem: Proxy Marriages and Recognition under European Union Law

Awuku v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWCA Civ 1303 (06 December 2016) Questions about the validity of marriage have eternally dogged immigration law. Born in October 1973, and the holder of Ghanaian nationality, Awuku married a … Continue reading

Posted in Article 8, Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, ECHR, European Union, Public Interest, Spouses, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Free Movement and Deportation: Nonjudicial Restrictions on the Right to Work are Lawful

R (Lauzikas) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2016] EWHC 3215 (Admin) (16 December 2016) Like countless other European citizens, the Lithuanian claimant, Lauzikas, came to the UK to work the construction industry. He entered the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, Employment, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Notices, Proportionality, UKSC, Working | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Suitability Criteria for Entry Clearance are ‘Rather Clumsy’

Entry Clearance Officer – United States of America v MW (United States of America) & Ors [2016] EWCA Civ 1273 (14 December 2016) Entry clearance for a foreign national with significant previous criminal convictions is dealt with under paragraph S-EC.1.4. … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, Deportation, ECHR, Entry Clearance, Immigration Rules, Proportionality, Public Interest, UKBA 2007, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment