Category Archives: European Union

Local authority can apply for EUSS settled status for children in care without court approval

W and Re Z (EU Settled Status for Looked After Children) [2021] EWHC 783 (Fam) (31 March 2021)  In these proceedings the court was required to determine whether local authorities needed its authorisation to apply for immigration status or passports … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Children, European Union, EUSS, Family Court, Free Movement, Settled Status, Settlement, Windrush | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Proof, expert evidence and credibility in trafficking cases

MN v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 1746 (21 December 2020)  The Court of Appeal has decided that the two-stage procedure provided for by the National Referral Mechanism (NRM) to determine whether a person is … Continue reading

Posted in Article 4, Council of Europe, Court of Appeal, ECAT, ECHR, European Union, Expert Evidence, Female Genital Mutilation, Forced marriage, Human Trafficking, Judicial Review, Nigeria, Slavery, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

No further “exceptional circumstances” test for Zambrano carers in deportation cases

Robinson (Jamaica) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] UKSC 53 (16 December 2020)  This appeal raised the issue whether a third-country national (TCN) otherwise benefiting from the derivative right to reside within EU territory pursuant to the … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, CFR, Children, CJEU, Court of Appeal, European Union, Jamaica, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Upper Tribunal says gender terminology respecting the chosen identity of claimants must be used

Mx M (gender identity – HJ (Iran) – (terminology) El Salvador [2020] UKUT 313 (IAC) (22 October 2020)  In this case involving an appellant who was a national of El Salvador and who considered themselves a homosexual man when living … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Article 3, Asylum, ECHR, El Salvador, European Union, High Court of Australia, Refugee Convention, SOGI, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Regulation 33 certification: Court of Appeal quashes refusal of interim relief to Portuguese national

R (Mendes) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 924 (17 July 2020)  The only target of this appeal was Murray J’s order refusing interim relief in the form of a mandatory order requiring the Home … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Children, Court of Appeal, Deportation, ECHR, European Union, Free Movement, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Mother of British child fails on Chikwamba and Zambrano

Younas (section 117B(6)(b); Chikwamba; Zambrano) [2020] UKUT 129 (IAC)(24 March 2020)  Chikwamba [2008] UKHL 40 and Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124) were landmark cases. The Chikwamba principle is that there is no public interest in removing a person from the UK in … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Asylum, Children, CJEU, COVID-19, ECHR, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Rules, Judges, Pakistan, Proportionality, Public Interest, Removals, Spouses, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

“Open for business”: Analysis of the UK’s new PBS 

An “Australian-style points-based system” (new PBS) to control immigration was one of six guarantees given by Boris Johnson to “get Brexit done in January and unleash the potential of our whole country.” The new PBS is the cornerstone of the UK’s post-Brexit immigration … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, COVID-19, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Paragraph 322(5), PBS, Politics, Settlement, Students, Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 4, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Brexit: Appeal rights for EUSS applicants 

The EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS), under which 3.34 million applications have been made and more than 3 million applicants have been granted status, caused uproar because applicants were not given any appeal rights and only had the right to administrative … Continue reading

Posted in Appeals, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Tribunals | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Court of Appeal allows European deportation appeal in part 

Hussein v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2020] EWCA Civ 156 (13 February 2020)  In a complex deportation appeal against a deportation order based on the deportee’s status as a permanent resident, the Court of Appeal was not … Continue reading

Posted in Citizens Directive, CJEU, Court of Appeal, Culture, European Union, Free Movement, Netherlands, Permanent Residence, Somalia, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Zambrano carers: The test of compulsion is a practical test

Patel v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2019] UKSC 59 (16 December 2019) Addressing the scope of the substance of rights test devised in Zambrano (C-34/09, EU:C:2011:124), whereby a non-member state national (or a third country national “TCN”) … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Article 8, Brexit, CFR, Citizenship and Nationality, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Human Rights, Settlement, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Immigration (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

The Immigration (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 are made in exercise of the powers conferred by section 8(1) of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (“the 2018 Act”), in order to address deficiencies in retained EU law arising from withdrawal … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, European Union, EUSS, Permanent Residence | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Changes in the Immigration Rules: Key Features of HC170

Statement of changes to the Immigration Rules HC 170 amends the Immigration Rules to reflect changes required if the UK leaves the EU without a deal. The changes affect EU, other EEA and Swiss citizens, and their family members. In order … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Crime, Deportation, European Union, EUSS, Families, Free Movement, Immigration Rules, Spouses, Turkey | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit: Analysis of Miller and Cherry in Supreme Court

R (Miller/Cherry) v The Prime Minister [2019] UKSC 41 (24 September 2019)  These proceedings concerned a “one-off” issue arising in circumstances unseen in history and unlikely to arise again. The Supreme Court was cautious to emphasise at the outset that these … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Cases, Court of Appeal, European Union, False Statements and Misrepresentations, Judges, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, Miller, Parliament, Politics, Prerogative, Rule of law, Sedley LJ, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , | 1 Comment

HC 2631 and the EU Settlement Scheme 

Statement of Changes to the Immigration Rules HC 2631, presented to Parliament on 9 September 2019, makes a raft of changes and it makes revised provision for access to the EU Settlement Scheme (or the “EUSS”) until 29 March 2022 … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix EU, Brexit, Children, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Immigration Rules | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Brexit and the Euro TLR Scheme 

After being installed as Home Secretary, Priti Patel, pounced on the opportunity to declare that free movement would end with a no-deal Brexit on 31 October 2019. She then made a u-turn. But her misguided comments caused a surge in … Continue reading

Posted in Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Immigration Law, MAC, PBS, Settlement | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Critical Perspectives on the EU Settlement Scheme

In London you constantly hear a foreign language in the background and foreign workers are in action everywhere. Most of all European people do jobs local people have little appetite for. Boris Johnson promised and guaranteed EU citizens “absolute certainty … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appendix EU, Brexit, Citizens Directive, CJEU, Enforcement, European Union, EUSS, Free Movement, Hostile Environment, Immigration Rules, Karachi, Netherlands, Permanent Residence, Politics, Settlement, Somalia | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Regulations give effect to Kafala judgment in SM (Algeria)

The Immigration (European Economic Area) (Amendment) Regulations 2019, which came into force on 15 August 2019, amend the Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2016  (“the 2016 Regulations”) and give effect to the judgment of the Court of Justice of the … Continue reading

Posted in Adoption, Article 8, Citizens Directive, CJEU, ECHR, Entry Clearance, European Union, Free Movement | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Recidivist offender from Italy unsuccessful in Supreme Court

Secretary of State for the Home Department v Franco Vomero (Italy) [2019] UKSC 35 (24 July 2019) In this longstanding dispute about free movement law and Directive 2004/38/EC (the Citizens’ Directive) dating back to 2007, the Supreme Court allowed the government’s appeal in … Continue reading

Posted in Article 5, Citizens Directive, Court of Appeal, Deportation, Detention, ECHR, European Union, Free Movement, Permanent Residence, Tribunals, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Does EIG satisfy Dublin III on detaining asylum seekers? 

In Hemmati & Ors [2018] EWCA Civ 2122, the Court of Appeal held by a majority that the detention of five asylum seekers pending removal to other Member States had been unlawful because neither the Enforcement Instructions and Guidance Chapter 55 … Continue reading

Posted in Article 5, Asylum, CFR, CJEU, Court of Appeal, Detention, ECHR, European Union, Judicial Review, Lady Hale, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Should the UK provide MLA to the US for the death penalty? 

In the Divisional Court, the mother of the accused ISIS terrorist Shafee El Sheikh, Maha El Gizouli failed in her challenge against the Home Secretary’s decision to provide mutual legal assistance (MLA) to the US without requiring an assurance that … Continue reading

Posted in Article 3, Article 8, CFR, Citizenship and Nationality, Court of Appeal, ECHR, European Union, Human Rights Act, Judicial Review, Syria, Terrorism, UKSC, United States | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment