Category Archives: Enforcement

‘Insurmountable Obstacles’ and ‘Exceptional Circumstances’ Tests Approved by Supreme Court

Agyarko and Ikuga v SSHD [2017] UKSC 11 (22 February 2017) “Insurmountable obstacles” and “exceptional circumstances” are every day expressions in immigration law but their real meaning has eluded the cleverest of judges. These two cases provided the Supreme Court … Continue reading

Posted in Appendix FM, Article 8, Children, CJEU, Court of Appeal, ECHR, Enforcement, Entry Clearance, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Rules, Judicial Review, Proportionality, Spouses, UKSC | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Analysis: Immigration Act 2016

A hostile environment hitting wrongdoing from every angle has been in the making for a long time. The Immigration Act 2016 builds on the foundations laid by the “flagship” Immigration Act 2014. The public tends to view foreigners as stealing local … Continue reading

Posted in Asylum, Brexit, Children, Deportation, ECHR, Economy, Employment, Enforcement, European Union, Fees, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Act 2016, Islam, PBS, Public Interest, s 55 BCIA | Tagged , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

New Punishments: Immigration Bill 2015

The onslaught continues. The Immigration Act 2014 promised to root out the ills of the system but now fresh legislation has been proposed to cure things even further and the home office recently announced a welter of new (improved) anti-immigrant … Continue reading

Posted in Access to Justice, Appeals, Article 8, Bank Accounts, ECHR, Economy, Employment, Enforcement, European Union, Human Rights Act, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Bill 2015, Judicial Review, Politics, Tribunals | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Immigration Act 2014: Bank Accounts

Although the Immigration Bill 2015-16 has arrived, the details of the Immigration Act 2014 are still being digested. Apart from rogue employers and landlords, provisions enacted under the 2014 Act also created a system that deals with immigration offenders in … Continue reading

Posted in Bank Accounts, Court of Appeal, Economy, Enforcement, FSMA, Immigration Act 2014, Immigration Bill 2015, Immigration Rules, Judges, Lady Hale | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments

UK Removal System Complies With ECHR

R (FI) v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2014] EWCA Civ 1272 (09 October 2014) Jimmy Mubenga’s tragic death – caused by asphyxia because he was being manhandled by detention custody officers on an aircraft prior to its … Continue reading

Posted in Article 2, Article 3, Deportation, ECHR, Enforcement, Removals | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Home Detention Order Must Guarantee Earliest Possible Return

Md Sagor [2012] EUECJ C-430/11 (06 December 2012) When questioned by the Italian police in 2009 in Rosolina Mare, Md Sagor (“S”) a street vendor without a fixed abode, explained that he was born in Bangladesh on 10 October 1990 and … Continue reading

Posted in Bangladesh, CJEU, Enforcement, Italy | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Case Comment: Shepherd Masimba Kambadzi (FC) (Appellant) v SSHD (Respondent) [2011] UKSC 23

The summarised facts of this case are that Shepherd Masimba Kambadzi (“SMK”), a national of Zimbabwe, arrived in the United Kingdom as a visitor with 6 months’ leave to enter on 30 October 2002. Subsequently, his leave was extended until … Continue reading

Posted in Article 5, Asylum, Court of Appeal, Detention, ECHR, Enforcement, High Court, Immigration Law, Private Prisons, Removals, UKBA, UKSC, Zimbabwe | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment